Michael Matthews Bigger Leaner Stronger The Simple Science of Building the Ultimate Male Body.pdf

7 sharon l miller and robert r wolfe physical

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7 . Sharon L. Miller and Robert R. Wolfe, “Physical Exercise as a Modulator of Adaptation to Low and High Carbohydrate and Low and High Fat Intakes,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53, no. S1 (1999): S112-19. 8 . Kostas Tsintzas, Clyde Williams, Dumitru Constantin-Teodosiu, Eric Hultman, Leslie Boobis, and Paul Greenhaff, “Carbohydrate Ingestion prior to Exercise Augments the Exercise-Induced Activation of the Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex in Human Skeletal Muscle,” Experimental Physiology 85, no. 5 (2000): 581-86; Satoshi Fujita, Hans C. Dreyer, Micah J. Drummond, Erin L. Glynn, Elena Volpi, and Blake B. Rasmussen, “Essential Amino Acid and Carbohydrate Ingestion before Resistance Exercise Does Not Enhance Postexercise Muscle Protein Synthesis,” Journal of Applied Physiology 106, no. 5 (2009): 1730-39. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.90395.2008. 9 . Luca Mondazzi and Enrico Arcelli, “Glycemic Index in Sport Nutrition,” Journal of the American College of Nutrition 28, supplement 4 (2009): 455S-63S. 10 . Raymond D. Starling, Todd A. Trappe, Allen C. Parcell, Chad G. Kerr, William J. Fink, and David L. Costill, “Effects of Diet on Muscle Triglyceride and Endurance Performance,” Journal of Applied Physiology 82, no. 4 (1997): 1185-89. 11 . Louise M. Burke, Damien J. Angus, Gregory R. Cox, Nicola K. Cummings, Mark A. Febbraio, Kathryn Gawthorn, John A. Hawley, Michelle Minehan, David T. Martin, and Mark Hargreaves, “Effect of Fat Adaptation and Carbohydrate Restoration on Metabolism and Performance during Prolonged Cycling,” Journal of Applied Physiology 89, no. 6 (2000): 2413-21. 12 . Mark Hargreaves, John A. Hawley, and Asker Jeukendrup, “Pre-Exercise Carbohydrate and Fat Ingestion: Effects on Metabolism and Performance,” Journal of Sports Sciences 22, no. 1 (2004): 31-38. doi:10.1080/0264041031000140536. 13 . Vinod Kumar, Philip Atherton, Kenneth Smith, and Michael J. Rennie, “Human Muscle Protein Synthesis and Breakdown during and after Exercise,” Journal of Applied Physiology 106, no. 6 (2009): 2026-39. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.91481.2008.
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14 . Hannu T. Pitkanen, Tarja Nykanen, Juha Knuutinen, Kaisa Lahti, Olavi Keinanen, Marrku Alen, Paavo V. Komi, and Antti A. Mero, “Free Amino Acid Pool and Muscle Protein Balance after Resistance Exercise,” Medicine and Science of Sports and Exercise 35, no. 5 (2003): 784-92. 15 . Kevin D. Tipton, Arny A. Ferrando, Stuart M. Phillips, David Doyle Jr., and Robert R. Wolfe, “Postexercise Net Protein Synthesis in Human Muscle from Orally Administered Amino Acids,” American Journal of Physiology— Endocrinology and Metabolism 276, no. 4 (1999): E628-34. 16 . G. Biolo, Kevin D. Tipton, S. Klein, and Robert R. Wolfe, “An Abundant Supply of Amino Acids Enhances the Metabolic Effect of Exercise on Muscle Protein,” American Journal of Physiology—Endocrinology and Metabolism 273, no. 1 (1997): E122-29. 17 . Birgitte Esmarck, Jesper L. Andersen, Steen Olsen, Erik A. Richter, Masashi Mizuno, and Michael Kjær, “Timing of Postexercise Protein Intake Is Important for Muscle Hypertrophy with Resistance Training in Elderly Humans,” The Journal of Physiology 535, pt. 1 (2001): 301-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.00301.x.
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