The greater size is accommodated by occipital bun

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The greater size is accommodated by occipital bun Sites: Shanidar Cave, Iraq; 45,000bp 9 specimens – 7 adults and 2 children Burial site – digging marks, grave goods, body position 2 important individuals Stabbed man Stabbing indicates weapon use Possible cannibalism – open to debate, could be ritual dismemberment 6 rules of Mancorn Injured man An atrophied arm amputation Healed foot fracture
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Anthropology 201: Unit 3 03:56 Healed fracture over an eye – blindness Arthritis Indicates social organization, medicine, and resilience La Chappelle aux Saints Shallow grave with grave goods and tools Cultural traits Found all over the globe: Europe and Middle East Cared for sick and injured – first true evidence Buried their dead Big game hunters – mammoths, bison Mousterian tool – weapons, clothing, shelter Used AND made fire – cave sites Hyoid bone indicates possible language skills Extinction theories DNA studies show neandertals share little DNA with us Fragmented One skeleton hybrid of neandertal and human Child 4 Theories Neandertals out competed by changing environment Toolkit didn’t change; no adaption
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Anthropology 201: Unit 3 03:56 More susceptible to disease than humans – no evidence Neandertals interbred with modern humans Not supported Driven extinct by conflict with humans Homo floresiensis  2004 discovery Flores Island in Indonesia Dated to 12,000-18,000 bp Brain size of 380cc; 1/3 that of humans Height 3ft. 3in Hunted pygmy elephants with tools Theories Selected for smaller size Island isolation Mutations Homo sapiens & Homo sapiens sapiens History Late 1800s, multiple researchers 100,000bp
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Anthropology 201: Unit 3 03:56 Physical Description Mostly the same as people today except the teeth size The teeth and jaw sizes have shrunk over time Culture Explosion of cultural traits Language Tools – atlatl (throwing spear) Natural resources expanded; new diet – seafood Trade – stone   implies group organization Burial rituals – more complex Non-utilitarian goods Jewelry, non-functional weapons, portable art Dogs Person buried with dog 15,000 years ago Hunt, protect, work for humans Co-evolution of dogs and humans Neoteny – Juvenilization where adults of the species retain the characteristics of child  because they are attractive (small dogs being like puppies)  Big eyes, ears When did we start associating emotion with sex? Class discussion Artistic traditions
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Anthropology 201: Unit 3 03:56 Description Feel need to express oneself Preserve a record Range from simple to elaborate, carvings to paintings, large to small Sites France Chavuet Lascaux Australia Wharton Hill Panaramitee Australia has the longest running art traditions that date to 20,000 years ago
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  • Winter '12
  • Tattarak
  • Anthropology, brain size, bipedalism

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