D the process of reading is not bidirectional

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d. The process of reading is not bidirectional Alternative answer: 1) Using the notebook requires too much thinking/too many steps to be transparent 2) Is not temporally tight (enough) I.e. it requires reading, writing, consulting, etc. 7. Explain how rotating Tetris zoids satisfies these the four criteria for extended mind. a. It is a temporally tight epistemic action - it’s coupled with inner processes at the speed of thought. 8. What does it mean for a person to enact thought? Consider how a musician thinks externally when constructing musical thought through their instrument -- how does this example distinguish extended thinking from technology supported thinking? My guess (please correct me): In the example, a musician is projecting their thought onto/through the instrument and thus thinks by playing ; there is still a cognitive load being processed. Technology supported thinking would handle that load for you and lower the cognitive cost (for example, when using a calculator it’s simple plugging and chugging. 9. How does Clark's view of being closely coupled fall short? a. Did not specify how fast the interaction should be. `
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Sterelny (2010) (podcast 35:14) Summary Questions 1. What does it mean for an environment to be “scaffolded?” a. Builds off the idea that human cognition—in particular, cognition that leads to competent action in the world—depends on environmental resources. Use the environment and shape it and build off of it . 2. Sterelny compares the extended mind model with the theory of niche construction. What is niche construction? a. Animals and their environments co-evolve b. Niche constructions allows organisms to regulate environmental states, keeping essential parameters within tolerable ranges so they can survive in inhospitable environmental conditions that would otherwise lead to their extinction; facilitates range expansion. For example Beaver dams, beavers use wood and other resources from environment to ensure their survival in the environment. 3. According to Sterelny, why are examples of extended mind simply a special case of niche construction? Extended mind always involves an individual using their external physical environment/surroundings to enhance their cognitive abilities, thus following the criteria for niche construction in which an organism is utilizing their environment by manipulating to survive . i. “There is enrichment and interchangeability. Otto’s notebook is individualized to him, but it is not entrenched” , b. niche construction is the broader result of constant moments of extended mind (but not everything in niche construction is extended mind) c. Alternative answer: i. Extended mind is simply one way we augment (or make use of) our environment; in general, scaffolding would encompass a much broader relationship to the environment that isn’t necessarily “cognitive” (e.g. roads and bridges that afford us easy transportation) 1. In other words, humans are good at harnessing cognition in the context of environmental construction (niche construction) ii. Sterelny supports his claim by using examples such as (1) extended
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