Panel 2 shows the structural composition of business

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Panel 2 shows the structural composition of business expenditure on R&D (BERD) in terms of performance of the main industry sectors, firm size and firms’ national affiliation. It reflects the country’s industry structure and its business innovation efforts. Panel 3 presents the country’s revealed technological advantage (RTA), as measured by international patent applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) in three key technology fields (bio- and nano-technology, ICTs, and environment-related technologies). It also shows the number of patents filed by universities and public research institutions in these fields.
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III.9. STI COUNTRY PROFILES: READER’S GUIDE OECD SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRY OUTLOOK 2014 © OECD 2014 259 Panel 4 gives an overview of the country’s policy mix for public R&D, i.e. the orientation and funding modes of public research. It also illustrates changes in the policy mix for R&D over the past five years. Finally, Panel 5, a new feature in STIO 2014, reflects the balance and relative importance of various government measures to support business R&D and innovation. It is based on the country’s self-assessment in its reply to the OECD STIO 2014 policy questionnaire. Further details on the methodology, data sources and descriptions of indicators used in the country profile are provided in Annex 9.A. Data, metadata as well as the original sources and databases of the indicators used in the STIO 2014 are accessible at the statistical portal IPP.Stat (cut-off date: 8 July 2014). Abbreviations used in the country profiles BERD: Business expenditure on research and development EU: European Union FDI: Foreign direct investment GDP: Gross domestic product GERD: Gross expenditure on research and development HEIs: Higher education institutions IPRs: Intellectual property rights MNEs: Multinational enterprises PRIs: Public research institutes R&D: Research and development S&E: Science and engineering SSS: Smart specialisation strategy (also known as 3S) STI: Science, technology and innovation S&T: Science and technology 3S: See SSS STEM: Science, technology, engineering and mathematics USD: United States dollars (converted using the purchasing power parities of the relevant year) VC: Venture capital
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III.9. STI COUNTRY PROFILES: READER’S GUIDE OECD SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRY OUTLOOK 2014 © OECD 2014 260 Synthetic table Table 9.1. Comparative performance of national science and innovation systems, 2014 Country relative position: in the top 5 OECD or above ( ), in the middle range on par or above OECD median ( ), in the middle range below OECD median ( ) and in the bottom 5 OECD or below ( ) Competences and capacity to innovate Universities and public research R&D and innovation in firms Innovative entrepreneurship Public R&D expenditure (per GDP) Top 500 universities (per GDP) Publications in the top-quartile journals (per GDP) Business R&D expenditure (per GDP) Top 500 corporateR&D investors (per GDP) Triadic patent families (per GDP) Trademarks (per GDP) Venturecapital (per GDP) Young patentingfirms (per GDP) Ease of entrepreneur- ship index PUB_XGDP UNI500_GDP PUB25_GDP BE_XGDP CORPRD500_GDP PTRIAD_GDP TRDMRK_GDP VC_XGDP PTYG_GDP
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