100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 18 - 20 out of 107 pages.
Answer:Fish Oil (Historically, cod liver oil was given to children to prevent rickets. One teaspoon of cod liver oilprovides approximately 427 IU of Vitamin D.)What is the English translation of Pellagra?Answer:Rough Skin (In Italian vernacular, pellagra means "skin that is rough". It refers to one of the mainsymptoms of the disease which is dermatitis.)Video 4-1940soNutritional Establishment set up RDARecommended Daily AllowancesAmount of each vitamin to prevent deficienciesoTo prevent scurvy, RDA of ascorbic acid (C) is 90 mgoThiamine (B1) is 1.2 mgoNiacin (B3) is 16 mgoVitamin B12 is 2.5 mcgAmounts are very smalloNot the same as proteins, carbohydrates, etc.These recommendations are in g-Vitamin B2 structure classifies it as an amineo“Vital Amines” – Casimir FunkLater made the word vitamins-Vitamin C is not an amineoBut term above stuck-Can we get every necessary vitamin and in recommended amount with a well-balanced diet?oDo I get all the vitamins I need?The Vitamin BookVitamin content of different types of foodVitamin supplements or multi-vitaminsAmount in these pills are roughly in the range of RDAVitamin FormulationB + C for stress-Certain lifestyle or medication will lower level of certain vitaminoContraceptive PillDecrease level of vitamin B leveloLaxativeDecrease in fat soluble vitamins
A & Do“If you are taking a multi-vitamin supplement there is no reason to stop but if you are not takingone there is no reason to start…” – Paul Coates (National Institute of Health)Take for some form of insurance-Certain condition where more of one form of vitamin is beneficialoNiacin (Vitamin B3)20 mg for Pellagra2000 mg for cholesterol loweringOnly under doctor’s recommendationoFolic Acid200 mcg for Anemia800 mcg for Neural Tube Defect aka “Spina Bifida”Condition which will develop in first few months of pregnancy/developmentoBefore a woman may find out she is pregnantThus, flour is now reinforced with folic acidoAlzheimer?Some B vitamins may be helpful in preventionSchool Sisters of Notre DameoCarrying out a study to see if folic acid could prevent Alzheimer’sDiseasePeople with AD could only find out the disease after deathThus, School Sisters of Notre Dame have agreed to donate their brains toresearch to see if a diet rich in folic acid could prevent ADoHeart Disease?NOT REALLY for B vitamins (Folic Acid)Thought were helpful with heart diseaseoPut forward on epidemiological studies, but are not confirmed by clinical trialsHappens very oftenoThought of B vitamins being helpful in agingB6 helpful in prevention of Carpal Tunnel SyndromeRepetitive stress syndrome for people on the computer all the timeBoth were found to not be the caseActivity 5: Consuming VitaminsVitamins are micronutrients because the quantities needed to maintain health are measured in grams.