research-report-96-coming-clean-contractual-and-procurement-practices.doc

Recruitment retention and employment security 113

Info icon This preview shows pages 4–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Recruitment, retention and employment security ........................................... 113 Part four. Implications ............................................................................................. 118 17. Implications for policy and practice ................................................................ 118 References ............................................................................................................... 130 ii
Image of page 4

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Tables and figures Figure 2.1 Factors influencing the impact of procurement on employment practices and working conditions 12 Figure 3.1 GDP and employment rate trends before and after the 2008-09 recession 15 Figure 3.2 Unemployment rates and long-term unemployment numbers by sex 16 Table 3.1 Employment composition by part-time, self-employment and temporary employment by sex, 2003-2013 17 Figure 3.3 Trends in low pay and the relative value of the national minimum wage 20 Table 3.2 Patterns of trade union density among UK employees in 2012 21 Figure 4.1 Composition of the cleaning workforce, 2013 23 Figure 4.2 Qualifications held by the cleaning workforce compared to total workforce, 2011 24 Table 4.1 Indicators of low pay among the cleaning workforce 26 Figure 4.3 Areas of training invested in by employers in the cleaning sector (during six months prior to survey, August 2012) 28 Figure 5.1 General case study design 31 Table 5.1 Summary characteristics of the six case studies 32 Table 5.2 Details about the case study outsourcing contracts 33 Table 5.3 Details of interviewees in the case studies 35 Table 9.1 Pay rates for CleanC cleaners at HospitalE 66 Table 12.1 Pay conditions for cleaners employed by cleaning companies 82 Table 12.2 Procurement and contracting practices with negative pay effects 84 Table 12.3 Procurement and contractual practices with positive pay effects 88 Table 13.1 Working-time contracts in the six case studies 91 Table 13.2 Patterns of shifts used, times of day and pay premiums 93 Table 14.1. Types of training 99 Table 14.2 Job definition and worker discretion 104 Table 15.1 Examples of integration in the six case studies 112 Table 16.1. Contract stability 114 Table 16.2. Staffing arrangements 117 Figure 17.1 Procurement practices, associated conditions and the consequences for pay 119 Figure 17.2 Varying client engagement with supplier skill and training provision 121 Figure 17.3 Client and supplier influences on working time arrangements of cleaners 124 Figure 17.4 Conditions associated with an integrated cleaning workforce 126 Figure 17.5 Contracting practices and the multiple dimensions of instability 128 iii
Image of page 5
Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the financial support of the Equality and Human Rights Commission as well as the very positive and constructive advice from Alice Teague and Liz Speed whose ideas and feedback contributed to our analysis and interpretation of results. We are also indebted to the many managers we talked with who generously shared the experiences of their organisation in the areas of procurement and human resource management practices. We were also fortunate to talk with cleaning staff in each of the case studies, to whom we are also very grateful.
Image of page 6

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern