Tempo dynamics phrasing 3 re arrangement a esp forces

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Tempo, dynamics, phrasing 3. Re-arrangement a. (esp. forces) 4. Recording techniques a. Ways you could change sound during recordings Listeners o What the composer(s) made o What the performers did w/ it 1. “Paratext”: cover art, what you know about the musicians, etc. a. if already love the artist that will change your experience 2. Listening contexts: situation, personal background, etc. o Different listeners can have different experiences w/ the same music, due to their own internal constraints The members o George Harrison: lead guitar (plays chords and melodic lines) o Ringo Starr: drums o Paul McCartney: bass (melodic line but with the rhythm section) o John Lennon: Rhythm guitar (plays chords with the rhythm section) Background history Liverpool: very important port in northern England (40% of o The Blitz, World War II, 1940-1942 Liverpool was the victim of bombings 80 air raids 2500 people died Lots of houses were destroyed Post war the British focused on repairing London… not Liverpool All 4 were born during the war o Ringo Starr: born July 7, 1940 o John Lennon: born October 9, 1940 o Paul McCartney: born June 18, 1942 o George Harrison: born February 25, 1943 John Lennon o Alf and Julia Lennon (parents) o Julia’s eldest sister, Mary (Mimi) Smith, did not like the way she was raising John so she took him and raised him with her husband George Not having his mom made him extremely insecure As a result he adopted a tough guy persona o John was raised in Woolton (south Liverpool suburb) in a middle class environment
o ***Paul, Ringo, and George were all raised in a working class environment*** o John was a trouble maker in school Paul McCartney o John and Paul were both smart and tested high enough on the 11 year old placement test and were put in Grammar school o Paul was a little more well behaved in school All 4 loved rock n roll o They would listen to vinyl recordings and the radio Radio was BBC BBC would have live performances Lonnie Donegan and “Skiffle” o Skiffle band is where you have GOOGLE o British teens heard his band play and thought they could play that kind of music and started forming skiffle bands o Kids (including the members of the Beatles) would learn songs from recordings July 1957: Paul (15) meets John (16), John invites Paul to join The Quarrymen February 1958: George (14) auditioned, joined in March o Lead guitarist January 1959: John at Liverpool College of Art, playing with Paul and George (others quit) Once John was in college the 3 boys would play in Coffee Clubs and college events January 1960: John’s friend Stu Sutcliffe bought a bass, joined the group. Stu suggested the name “Beatals” after Buddy Holly’s Crickets o May: Silver Beetles o July: Silver Beatles o August: The Beatles August 1960: offered a job in Hamburg, 3 ½ months. They hired Pete Best to play drums 3 trips to Hamburg 1. -August-September 1960: Indra Club a. -205 hours on stage -October-early December 1960: Kaiserkeller b. -210 more hours on state c. Nicer club 2.

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