1526 1542 Narvaez begins to expedition on coast Cabeza de Vaca hears of great

1526 1542 narvaez begins to expedition on coast

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1526-1542 Narvaez begins to expedition on coast Cabeza de Vaca hears of great Kingdom in SW 1539 Coronado sends expeditions into N. America and discovers Pueblo 1539 -1542 de Soto ventures to SE in Tampa to Mississippi and found little to no wealth 1550 Spanish decides to forget about N.America Later establish colonies in FL TX NM and CA “Spanish Borderlands” Used more for defense and evangelism 1573 Philip II (Charles I son) puts forth “Royal orders for New Discoveries” Spaniards in New World will no longer conquer Indian groups but rather ask permission to settle with monks to evangelize Secretly take control of Indian lands Florida : 1550 Spanish are extremely wealthy from Mexican Lands English French and Dutch began to raid Spanish ships 1560 Flotas All ships will meet in Havana, Cuba All ships will go together and take the stream quickly and safely French Huguenots established in FL to destroy Flotas Spanish kill them all Florida becomes defensive column 1600 St. Augustine is the only presidios (fort) left standing King wants flotas gone, waste of time Monks says to save the church in the new world, King agrees 1607 FL becomes more of a Christian settlement by setting up missions up the coast By 1630 missionaries have moved all the way to Mississippi and have set up 50 missions in FL and 5 presidios Missionaries focus more on children and converting them 1650 most of the Indians are evangelized and “hispanicized” Indians begin to fight back Sexual immorality Shame for multiple wives Little tensions Mostly peaceful settlements though While Priests bring new life and order they also bring disease 1670 half the Indians are dead 1670 British South Carolina Ally with Creeks
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Attack and destroy all missions in FL By 1700 only St. Augustine and Pensacola are left standing Creeks begin to move to FL Bring cattle Now known as Seminoles 1763 Spanish lose Florida to British and Seminoles New Mexico : 1580 Spanish go back to NM 1598 King and Council grant contract to Onate to reestablish Spanish presence in NM Go to center of Pueblos and outsmart 1608 Spanish reestablish themselves Onate is replaced by Peralta Peralta establishes Santa Fe King wants to abandon NM Again Priests beg for church to stay, King agrees 1629 hundreds of missionaries establish 40 missions in NM Pueblos accept priests because of stuff they have (bribe) as well as protection from Apaches and Navajo Settlers bring horses to NM as they settle and ranch in haciendas 1670 drought hits and food becomes scarce Indians have to give most the food to the Spanish Still worship Kiva Sexual immorality Spanish begin to whip Native Indian Priests Pope unites Pueblo people to rebel and kill as many spaniards as possible Half of spanish killed, other half retreat to El Paso Didn’t retake NM until 1696
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