Sparrow SS Cicchetti DV Balla DA Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales Second

Sparrow ss cicchetti dv balla da vineland adaptive

This preview shows page 9 - 12 out of 12 pages.

Sparrow, SS.; Cicchetti, DV.; Balla, DA. Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition: Survey forms manual. Circle Pines, MN: AGS Publishing; 2005. Tamis-LeMonda CS, Bornstein MH, Baumwell L. Maternal Responsiveness and Children’s Achievement of Language Milestones. Child Development. 2001; 72(3):748–767. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8624.00313 [PubMed: 11405580] Venker CE, Eernisse ER, Saffran JR, Weismer SE. Individual differences in the real-time comprehension of children with ASD. Autism Research. 2013; 6:417–432. DOI: 10.1002/aur.1304 [PubMed: 23696214] Webb SJ, Jones EJH, Kelly J, Dawson G. The motivation for very early intervention for infants at high risk for autism spectrum disorders. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. 2014; 16(1):36–42. DOI: 10.3109/17549507.2013.861018 [PubMed: 24410019] Wodka EL, Mathy P, Kalb L. Predictors of phrase and fluent speech in children with autism and severe language delay. Pediatrics. 2013; 131(4):e1128–e1134. [PubMed: 23460690] Yoder P, Watson LR, Lambert W. Value-added predictors of expressive and receptive language growth in initially nonverbal preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2015; 45:1254–1270. DOI: 10.1007/s10803-014-2286-4 [PubMed: 25344152] Zimmerman, IL.; Steiner, VG.; Pond, RE. Preschool Language Scale. 4. 2002. [Measurement instrument]. Pearson Assessment Kover et al. Page 9 J Autism Dev Disord . Author manuscript; available in PMC 2017 July 01. Author Manuscript Author Manuscript Author Manuscript Author Manuscript
Image of page 9
Author Manuscript Author Manuscript Author Manuscript Author Manuscript Kover et al. Page 10 Table 1 Participant Characteristics at Initial Assessment ( N = 98) Variable Mean ( SD ) Range Chronological age at interview 31.63 (4.51) 23 – 47 Autism symptom severity 7.38 (1.95) 1 – 10 Age of first words 19.49 (6.80) 7 – 37 Age of first phrases ( n = 30) 28.67 (6.56) 10 – 45 Number of words ( n = 97) 35.78 (39.13) 0 – 100 PLS-4 Standard Score ( n = 94) Auditory comprehension 61.56 (13.30) 50 – 117 Expressive communication 74.71 (11.30) 50 – 110 MSEL VR T-score ( n = 76) 37.04 (11.55) 20 – 68 VABS-II Composite ( n = 94) 78.13 (7.49) 61 – 99 Note. Age and age-equivalent scores are given in months. PLS-4 = Preschool Language Scale, Fourth Edition (Zimmerman et al., 2002). MSEL VR = Mullen Scales of Early Learning Visual Reception subtest (Mullen, 1995). VABS-II = Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-II (Sparrow et al., 2005). J Autism Dev Disord . Author manuscript; available in PMC 2017 July 01.
Image of page 10
Author Manuscript Author Manuscript Author Manuscript Author Manuscript Kover et al. Page 11 Table 2 Estimates for Age of First Words and Age of First Phrases as Predictors of Developmental Trajectories Fixed Effect Receptive Language Expressive Language Nonverbal Cognition Adaptive Behavior β SE p β SE p β SE p β SE p Age of First Words Intercept (mean) 69.17 1.89 < .001* 75.67 1.67 < .001* 40.28 1.20 <.001* 78.79 0.86 < .001* Age of first words −0.42 0.28 .137 −0.39 0.25 .118 −0.26 0.18 .147 −0.06 0.13 .624 Slope Age (rate of change) 0.62 0.07 < .001* 0.19 0.07 .010* 0.14 0.05 .009* 0.02 0.03 .340 Age of first words < 0.01 .01 .921 < 0.01 0.01 .779 0.01 0.01 .312 0.01 < 0.01 .045* Age of First Phrases Intercept (mean) 77.32 3.33 < .001* 84.89 2.53 < .001* 43.19 2.13 <.001* 84.02 1.30 < .001* Age of first words −0.62
Image of page 11
Image of page 12

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 12 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • The Land, Sara T. Kover, First Phrases

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes