History Final Exam Study Guide

Battle of shiloh major battle in the western theatre

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Battle of Shiloh - Major battle in the western theatre of the American civil war April 6-7 1862. General Albert Sidney Johnston and PGT Beauregard launched surprise attack against the union army. (aka:battle of pittsburg landing) (DON’T THINK WE HAVE TO KNOW THIS) Radical Reconstruction - 1867-1877 congress passes first and second reconstruction acts. The House of Reps impeaches Andrew Johnson Civil War Camp Life - 2 million men served union & 1 million served in confederate. Young soldiers under 21 yrs old . (12-80 years of age) mostly farmers and laborers. Camp life was tedious and boring but they found many forms of entertainment : gambling, cop fighting, drinking, prostitutes, baseball, snowball fights in the winter. Prostitutes were also sent to other camps to give STDs to the other soldiers. ( DON’T THINK WE HAVE TO KNOW THIS) Suspension of Habeas Corpus - a legal action through which a person can seek relief from the unlawful detention or that of another person. Fort Sumter - Took place in Charleston Harbor. The third system masonry known as the site upon which the shots initiating the American Civil war were fired. Battle of Gettysburg - July 1-3, 1863. The battle with the largest number of causalities in the American Civil War and is often described as the wars turning point. The union was led by General George Gordon Meade. The confederates were led by General Robert E. Lee
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Copperheads - vocal group of democrats in the Northern US who opposed the civil war, wanting an immediate peace settlement with the confederates. (DON’T THINK WE HAVE TO KNOW THIS) Andrew Johnson - 17 th President of the US. After the assassination of President Lincoln , Johnson presided over the immediate aftermath of the American Civil War. Confederate advantages - Defensive war, Home turf, Military leadership, Motivation Union Advantages - manpower, industry, food supplies, functioning government Lincoln vs. Davis - Lincoln-Grew up poor, Lawyer, Great communicator, Level-Headed, Military decision making, Good judge of character. Davis- Grew up wealthy, Engineer, Politically savvy, Hot tempered, Micromanager
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Essay’s 1. Although Sherman was proslavery and had a low opinion of African Americans, he unhesitatingly sided with the north during the secession crisis. Why apart from his devotion to the Union, did Sherman so readily offer his services to the national government? a. Sherman, became furious when Louisiana left the Union and resigned his position as superintendant of now LSU. Sherman tried to enter many different enterprises afterward but either he or the enterprise failed. When the war broke out, Sherman was 41 years old, but in excellent physical condition. He was indifferent to his dress and stood lean and muscular, and had the quick and sure movements associated with good muscle tone. Sherman’s mind was alive with plans, ideas, hopes that resulted from his brief military experience and strong military education. Sherman was noted to have visited and Union camp and too have been completely mystified about the flag because he valued order above all else, which
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