Nutrition during pregnancy a developing fetus depends

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Nutrition During Pregnancy A developing fetus depends on its mother for all its needs, so it’s important for pregnant females to eat healthfully and to avoid harm- ful substances such as tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. In addition to eating properly, pregnant females are encouraged to increase their intake of foods rich in the nutrients listed below. A health care provider may also recommend that a pregnant female take a multi- vitamin and mineral supplement to help meet these nutrient needs. Folate. Getting enough folate, or folic acid, early in pregnancy can prevent spinal defects in the developing fetus. Sources of this B vitamin include fruits, dark green leafy vegetables, and fortified grain products. Iron. Increased blood volume during pregnancy produces an increased demand for this mineral. Found in meat, poultry, fish, dark green leafy vegetables, and enriched grain products, iron helps build and renew hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying compound in blood cells. Calcium. Calcium helps build the bones and teeth of the developing fetus and replaces any calcium taken from the mother’s bones. Calcium is found in most dairy products, dark green leafy vegetables, canned fish with edible bones, and calcium- fortified cereals and juices. Nutrition for Infants and Young Children Breastfeeding is the best way to feed infants. If breastfeeding isn’t possible, fortified formulas provide the nutrients that infants need. As a baby grows through its first year, breast milk or formula is supple- mented with a variety of solid foods, usually starting with cereal grains, then vegeta- bles and fruits, and then meat or poultry. 162 Chapter 6 Managing Weight and Body Composition Proper nutrition is important for promoting optimal health for both the mother and the baby. Explain why proper nutrition is important for breastfeeding mothers. HS_HEALTH_U02_C06_L3 12/6/03 8:47 AM Page 162
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Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 1. What type of meal should an athlete eat before competing? 2. Define the term vegetarian . 3. Explain what a megadose is and why it may be dangerous. Thinking Critically 4. Synthesizing. Explain why proper nutrition is especially important in promoting optimal health for pregnant women, mothers, babies, and young children. 5. Analyzing. How does good nutrition enhance and maintain personal health throughout life? P R E S E N T A T I O N S O F T W A R E By using presentation software, you can include art and graphics in a slide show on the importance of good nutrition. Find help in using presentation software at health.glencoe.com . Lesson 3 Nutrition for Individual Needs 163 After a child’s first birthday, many parents substitute whole milk for formula or breast milk. The fats in whole milk provide essential nutrients for a child’s developing nervous system. By this time most children are eating a variety of foods. This variety provides the energy and nutrients needed for growth and encourages the child to enjoy different foods.
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