Fastest growing minority group 20 million 6 of US population o Korematsu v

Fastest growing minority group 20 million 6 of us

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Fastest-growing minority group (20 million / 6% of US population) o Korematsu v. United States (1944)- Supreme Court decision that upheld as constitutional the internment of more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent in encampments during WWII Arab Americans & Muslims o 3.5 million persons of Arab ancestry in the US o After 09/11/01, 1200+ people detained as security threats o 2/3 were illegal aliens Women’s’ Rights: 19 th Amendment (1920)- constitutional amendment that guarantees women the right to vote. Equal Rights Amendment- introduced in 1923, passed in 1972. “Equality of Rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.” Reed v. Reed (1972)- Supreme Court upheld a claim of gender discrimination. The Supreme Court ruled that any “arbitrary” gender-based classification violated the equal protection clause of the 14 th Amendment. Craig v. Brown (1976)- Supreme Court established the “intermediate scrutiny” standard for determining gender discrimination. 1. Women in the Workplace- o 73 million women in civilian workforce (compared to 83 million males) o Wage Discrimination- female jobs pay less than male jobs that demand a comparable skill o The Equal Pay Act of 1963- made it illegal to pay different wages to men and women if they perform equal work in the same workplace
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2. Education- o Title IX of Education Act of 1972- forbids gender discrimination in federally subsidized education programs including colleges, universities, and athletics o Single-Gender Schooling (V. M. I.)- Supreme Court declared the exclusion of women from education opportunities violated women’s rights to equal protection of the law 3.
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  • Fall '17
  • Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

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