2016 As a result heavy use of electronics has been linked to increased sleep

2016 as a result heavy use of electronics has been

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making an individual stay awake even when it is already time to sleep (Suhag et al., 2016). As a result, heavy use of electronics has been linked to increased sleep disorders and stress in people of all ages. Most importantly, adolescents spend a lot of time on their phones during the day and before bed thus resulting in decreased sleep duration and change in sleep behavior which is associated with increased risk of depressive symptoms (Iva Lloyd, 2015, p.41). 2.2 Physical effects
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Impacts of Computers, Mobile phones and tablets use on health 4 Computers, desktop monitors and mobile phones can cause physical effects, especially in instances when their users are forced to bend their back and necks to see the screens better. According to Iva Lloyd (2015, p.42), children and young people spend a lot of time texting and playing video games in uncomfortable positions thus causing neck and back pains which can have serious health consequences. Additionally, the repetitive use of computers can affect the hand and wrists thereby resulting in conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome and tendonitis (Iva Lloyd, 2015, p.42). Furthermore, spending a lot of time on a computer can lead to symptoms such as dry eyes, blurred vision and eyestrain which can contribute to computer vision syndrome. Children are at a higher risk especially when they are engaged in enjoyable tasks such as video gaming (Iva Lloyd, 2015, p.42). As a consequence, they are likely to ignore uncomfortable viewing positions and computer glare which can result in serious health problems such as eyestrain that can lead to long-term vision problems. 2.3 Car Accidents The use of mobile phones especially when driving causes drivers to take their eyes and minds of the road thus having the most significant impact on driving behavior. It estimated that every year, approximately 50 million people are injured, and 1.3 million people die as a result of road traffic crashes which happen due to the use of mobile phones while driving (World Health Organization, 2011). Additionally, drivers who use mobile phones while driving are four times more likely to cause accidents (World Health Organization, 2011). Notably, existing studies suggest that sending and receiving messages leads to increased cognitive demands and physical distractions thus impairing the driver’s
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