All the medical care available to a nations people

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All the medical care available to a nation’s people, the way they receive care, and the method of payment (Ch. 3, 54) Health consumer Anyone who purchases or uses health products or services (Ch. 3, 48) Health education The providing of accurate health information to help people make healthy choices (Ch. 1, 7) Health fraud Sale of worthless products or services claimed to prevent diseases or cure other health problems (Ch. 3, 61) Health insurance A plan in which private compa- nies or government programs pay for part or all of a person’s medical costs (Ch. 3, 57) Health literacy A person’s capacity to learn about and understand basic health information and services and use these resources to promote his or her health and wellness (Ch. 1, 8) Health screening A search or check for diseases or disorders that an individual would otherwise not have knowledge of or seek help for (Ch. 4, 95) Health skills Specific tools and strategies that help you maintain, protect, and improve all aspects of your health (Ch. 2, 28) Healthy People 2010 A nationwide health promo- tion and disease prevention plan designed to serve as a guide for improving the health of all people in the United States (Ch. 1, 7) Heartburn A burning sensation in the center of the chest that may rise from the bottom, or tip, of the breastbone up to the throat (Ch. 17, 448) Heat cramps Muscle spasms that result from a loss of large amounts of salt and water through perspiration (Ch. 4, 99) Heat exhaustion An overheating of the body that results in cold, clammy skin and symptoms of shock (Ch. 27, 715) Heatstroke A condition in which the body loses the ability to rid itself of excessive heat through perspiration (Ch. 4, 99) Hemodialysis A technique in which an artificial kidney machine removes waste products from the blood (Ch. 17, 457) Hemoglobin The oxygen-carrying protein in blood (Ch. 16, 418) Herbal supplement A chemical substance from plants that may be sold as a dietary supplement (Ch. 6, 161) Heredity All the traits that are biologically passed from parents to their children (Ch. 1, 12; Ch. 19, 498) Hernia When an organ or tissue protrudes through an area of weak muscle (Ch. 15, 398) Hiatal hernia A condition in which part of the stomach pushes through an opening in the diaphragm (Ch. 17, 448) Hierarchy of needs A ranked list of those needs essential to human growth and development, presented in ascending order starting with basic needs and building toward the need for reaching your highest potential (Ch. 7, 172) Histamines Chemicals that can stimulate mucous and fluid production in an area (Ch. 26, 689) Hodgkin’s disease A type of cancer that affects the lymph tissue (Ch. 16, 427) Homicide The willful killing of one human being by another (Ch. 13, 344) HEALTH_2004_BACKMATTER_2_TX 1/8/04 2:14 PM Page 797
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798 Glossary Hormones Chemical substances that are produced in glands and help regulate many of your body’s functions (Ch. 7, 185; Ch. 18, 464; Ch. 20, 514) Hostility The intentional use of unfriendly or offensive behavior (Ch. 7, 187) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) A virus that attacks the immune system (Ch. 25, 658) Human papillomavirus (HPV) A virus that can
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