Work teams can be thought of as a type of group work

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there are also differences between groups and teams. Work teams can be thought of as a type of group. Work group interacts primarily to share information and make decisions to help each group member perform within his or her area of responsibility while work teams are able to generate positive synergy through coordinated effort. In other words, teams can bring about better performance than the sum of its members inputs. Take a look at the table below which highlights the major differences between groups and teams. Work Groups Work Teams Goal Share information Collective performance Synergy Neutral Positive Accountability Individual Individual and mutual Skills Random and varied Complementary Work groups interact to share information while work teams focus on collective group effort and performance. As work groups do not need to engage in collective work, there is little synergy. On the other hand, work teams create synergy as the individual efforts of its members result in performance that is higher than the sum of individual inputs. You should now read Robbins and Judge (2015), Chapter 10, pp. 305-308 to learn more about the differences between groups and teams. 3.2 Types of Team There are many types of teams. In this section, we will examine five types of teams found in organisations. Note that teams in organisations may belong to more than one type. For example, a team may be both a virtual and a self-managed team.
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BUS103 STUDY UNIT 4 SU4 11 3.2.1 Problem-Solving Teams Problem-solving teams are typically groups of employees who meet for a few hours each week to discuss ways of improving quality, efficiency, and the work environment. Members rarely have the authority to unilaterally implement their suggested actions. 3.2.2 Self-Managed Work Teams Self-managed work teams are groups of employees who perform highly related or interdependent jobs and take on many of the responsibilities of their supervisors. A self-managed team is a small group of people empowered to manage themselves and the work they do on a day-to-day basis. 3.2.3 Cross-Functional Teams Cross-functional teams are teams made up of employees from about the same hierarchical level, but from different work areas, and who come together to accomplish a task. A task force is an example of a cross-functional team. 3.2.4 Virtual Teams Virtual teams use computer technology to tie together physically dispersed members in order to achieve a common goal. Virtual teams allow people to collaborate online and can do all the things that other teams do. 3.2.5 Multiteam Systems Multiteam systems are a collection of two or more interdependent teams that share a superordinate goal. In other words, it is a team of teams. You should now read Robbins and Judge (2015), Chapter 10, pp. 308-311 to learn about the different types of teams.
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BUS103 STUDY UNIT 4 SU4 12 3.3 Effective Teams Teams do not automatically perform at high levels. Many factors can influence team performance. Think about your experience working in teams. What factors improved the team performance and what factors decreased team performance?
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  • Fall '15
  • Management, Big Five personality traits, Organizational studies, .........

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