Trends in schooling us schools like schools in all

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Trends in Schooling US schools, like schools in all societies, are conservative - but there are differences that have a substantial impact on students Rigid vs flexible school curriculum The products of these two types of schools are likely to differ in much the same way as do the children of autocratic or permissive homes Changing Racial Landscape Each of us is located within society, not only geographically, but also socially Depending on our wealth, occupation, education, ethnic or racial heritage, gender, and family background - we see ourselves (and other people see us) as being superior to some people and inferior to others Our varying position in this racial/ethnic hierarchy affects our attitudes and perceptions As the US changes demographically, the chances of a modal personality type decreases in the face of heterogeneity Changing Generation Cohorts An age cohort is a category of people of the same age The life experiences of people typically vary depending on when they were born Ex: The baby boomers, post-baby boomers, “Millennial Generation” differ from each other because of differing opportunities, changing economic realities, and the circumstances of their parents “Documentation Generation” - In a world where private becomes public, how will this affect personal relationships? Overall, differences between the generation cohorts reflect larger societal changes and can cause conflict, disagreement, and misunderstanding between children and their parents and grandparents Changing Images in the Media We have seen that youngsters may experience pulls in opposite direction from family, church, and school - other sources of contradictory attractions are peer groups and the media How are children to behave in everyday life, faced with opposing and powerful socialization messages? Changing Gender Roles Gender roles provide another example of varying expectations depending on the individual, audience, and community Traditional masculine and feminine roles are in flux What precisely is expected of a man and a woman as they enter a building? Does the man open the door for a women? To conclude, the emphasis of this chapter is on how the individual is shaped by powerful social forces, but we must remember that people are not utterly predictable Moreover, human beings are actively involved in shaping the social landscape Ch 6: Social Control Intro
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Social control: all social groups have mechanisms to ensure conformity-mechanisms of social control Social control is a central fact of social organization “A sociocultural system cannot rely on random individual responses to create structure and the cohesiveness required of organized effort” The focus on this chapter is son social control at the societal level In a complex society such as the US, social control is more difficult to attain because of the existence of different groups with values that often compete
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