10–99–8 8–77–0Body—The story made a point and had at leasttwo to four main ideas that were developed andorganized well. There were clear transitions fromone idea to the next. Supporting details wereincorporated and used to strengthen the mainpoint of the speech. If outside sources wereused, they were cited properly.15–1313–1212–1110–0Conclusion—The speaker’s conclusion summa-rized the points in an interesting or creative way.It wrapped up the speech, making it clear to theaudience the speech was at its end.10–99–8 8–77–0Format—10 pointsThe student included the required opening line:The audience I am addressing for this speech is_________. The student followed that line with a5-second pause. 10–88–77–66–0The speech was 4–5 minutes long. One point willbe deducted for every 10 seconds over 5 min-utes and under 4 minutes.
Rehearsal and DeliveryASSIGNMENT 7: ORGANIZING YOUR SPEECHRead this introduction. Then study Chapter 7, pages 133–171,in your textbook.You can be sure that your most attentive listeners will be try-ing to identify your thesis and main points as you give yourspeech. If they can’t focus on the points you’re making, theymay lose interest or feel there’s no point in listening.The primacy-recency effectdescribes our natural tendency to remember the first and last things in a series better thanthe things that come in between. In a speech, the primacy-recency effect means your introduction and conclusion arelikely to make the greatest impression on your listeners.Develop Your Main PointsBegin organizing your speech by developing the main pointsthat are most important to your thesis. They should be lim-ited in number—two, three, or four work best. Select thosepoints that are most relevant or interesting to your audienceand word them effectively.Organize Your Main PointsWell-organized speeches are easier to understand. Onceyou’ve identified the main points you wish to include in yourspeech, you need to organize them into a clearly identifiedorganizational pattern. There are many ways to do this:nIn a topical pattern,your main ideas—equal in impor-tance and value—are itemized. nIn a temporal pattern,your main ideas are arrangedchronologically.nIn a problem-solution pattern,your main ideas are dividedinto problems and solutions.39L e s s o n 2L e s s o n 2
nIn a spatial pattern,your main ideas are arranged in thespace pattern—for example, left to right.nIn a cause-and-effect pattern,your main ideas arearranged into causes and effects.nIn a motivated sequence pattern,your main ideas arearranged into five steps: attention, need, satisfaction,visualization, and action.Creating the IntroductionThe goals of an introduction are to get the audience’s atten-tion, to establish listener relevance, and to identify yourthesis statement.