dimension is the tentative interpretation academic hedges which is reflected in

Dimension is the tentative interpretation academic

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dimension is the “tentative interpretation academic hedges”, which is reflected in the
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use of adverbs, seem and appear hedges, attributive adjectives, downtoners, and concessive adverbial subordination (Biber, 1988, 1995). The dimensions of register variation have both “linguistic and functional content” (Conrad and Biber, 2001, p. 6). The linguistic content refers to identifying the frequently used linguistic features in the register. This may include the use of tenses, modal verbs, private verbs, pronouns, and voice. The functional content, however, refers to interpreting the use of these features “in terms of [the] situational, social, and cognitive functions” (Conrad and Biber, 2001, p. 6) they serve in the text. That is, Conrad and Biber (2001) suggested conducting microscopic and macroscopic analysis on the functions of the linguistic features. The microscopic analysis, according to Biber (1988), is concerned with the communicative functions of the frequently occurred lexico-grammatical features, whereas the macroscopic analysis examines the dimensions in which these features belong. On the microscopic level, Biber signified that the use of the first and second person pronouns indicates personal involvement and expressing personal feelings, the use of third person pronouns, however, indicates reference to other participants in the context. The use of the present tense indicates immediate occurrence of the event, whereas the use of the past and perfect tenses indicate referring to past events. The use of passive voice “promotes an inanimate referent or demotes the animate referent” (Biber, 1995, p.164). The use of ‘wh’ questions indicates that a specific addressee is involved. The use of private verbs and present tenses reflects active and verbal style of language. The use of modal verbs could be distinguished from deontic and epistemic. Deontic modals refer to obligation, whereas epistemic modality refers
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  • Summer '17
  • Iking
  • Grammatical tense, Grammatical tenses, Participle, biber

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