Special olympics and paralympics are two separate

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Special Olympics and Paralympics are two separate organisations recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). They have similar functions as they both focus on sport for athletes with a disability and are operated by international non-profit organisations. Paralympics is an international competition that involves six disability groups and they are cerebral palsy, spinal cord injuries, amputee, intellectual disability, visual impairments and Les Autres. Les Autres is the group that includes those people who do not fall into the other groups mentioned. Special Olympics involve competition opportunities and training throughout the year and it deals with all levels of intellectual disabilities. Deaflympics is an organisation that involves competition for deaf athletes or those with hearing impairments. Barriers and a strategy to address and monitor them Developed by Enhance Your Future Pty Ltd 7 CHCDIS003 - Support community participation and social inclusion Version 2 Course code and name
People of disabilities may encounter some barriers when participating in physical activities. The main barrier will be transportation barriers as it becomes difficult for people with different type of disabilities such as people with visual impairments, amputee, and cerebral palsy to travel to the sport centres. In order to overcome this barrier, the organisations like Special Olympics, Paralympics and Deaflympics can organise for the transportation of people with disabilities. 2. Art Therapy Art therapy is a very good way to encourage people with disabilities to respond and participate in arts. Art provides a way for individuals to express their thoughts and feelings, especially when there are constraints that limit them to write or speak. Art also encourages the people to develop their creativity. It can also be used to entertain and enrich them. Painting, scrapbooking, colouring books, jewellery making, knitting and other crafting activities are just some of the art activities that disables people can enjoy. Barriers and a strategy to address and monitor them Sometimes the people with disabilities may not want to cooperate with other people and want to stay alone due to their illness. This is the behaviour and attitude barrier which limits to develop their creativity by involving in art related activities. It can be overcome by involving the family of the person with disability as family are the ones who knows the person with disability better than others and hence, they can convince the person to participate in the art therapy. 3. Nature activities Nature activities encourage people with disabilities to go out in an open space, breathe some fresh air and appreciate their natural surroundings. Scavenger hunts and summer camps are examples of nature activities that allow them to exercise their visual and tactile abilities.

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