A what type of therapy is lucy being treated with b

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a. What type of therapy is Lucy being treated with? b. Explain what technique Lucy’s therapist is using in this situation. c. What is the most important component of this therapy (in other words, what is the therapist trying to establish by using these techniques)? ANS: Answers may include: a. Humanistic (or client-centered) therapy b. Lucy’s therapist is using active listening (listening attentively and then repeating the client’s concerns to help clarify her feelings). c. This treatment involves a therapist working with a client to help her develop her full potential for personal growth through greater self-understanding. The therapist is attempting to provide a safe and comfortable environment where he does not pass judgment or provide advice and allows the client to access her true feelings. DIF: Difficult OBJ: 14.1b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 5. Dr. Andrez is a psychiatrist who believes in a biological approach to treatment, and he sees many clients with depressive disorders. a. Describe two types of biological treatment that Dr. Andrez may use to treat his clients. b. Describe an example of each treatment described in part (a) that would be effective for Dr. Andrez’s clients. ANS: Answers may include:
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a. Psychotropic medications—drugs that affect mental processes to induce more adaptive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors; alternative treatments—treatments that alter brain functioning b. Psychotropic medications—antidepressants (Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft); alternative treatments—electroconvulsive therapy (electrical current to the brain to produce a seizure), transcranial magnetic stimulation (magnetic field that interrupts brain functioning in a specific region), or deep brain stimulation (electricity passes through electrodes in the client’s brain to stimulate activity at a certain frequency and intensity) DIF: Easy OBJ: 14.1c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 4, Communication | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 6. Vivian has been diagnosed with schizophrenia and hears voices that tell her to stay in her apartment because the mailman is trying to control her thoughts. Denton is terrified of heights, a specific phobia, which causes him extreme difficulty because he works on the twelfth floor of an office building. Martina is in her last year of college and is experiencing great stress as she searches for her first job. a. Given the description of their symptoms, select a mental health practitioner that would be best suited to treat Vivian, Denton, and Martina. Be specific in providing an explanation for each choice. ANS: Answers may include: a. Vivian—psychiatrist (schizophrenics often need antipsychotic drugs to treat their positive symptoms and only a psychiatrist may prescribe medication); Denton—clinical psychologist (because he has a diagnosable mental health disorder, he is likely to be seen by a clinical, instead of counseling, psychologist); Martina—counseling psychologist (in a university setting,
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