CSR approach on e waste BL7001 CSR Environmental Law 3 question as to who

Csr approach on e waste bl7001 csr environmental law

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CSR approach on e-waste BL7001 CSR & Environmental Law 3 question as to who should be responsible for this process, whether the manufacturer, the dealer or the end consumer. In order to deal with such questioning, in 1990, the academic Thomas Lindhqvist introduced the concept of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). Lindhqvist (2000), defined the EPR as: “…a policy principle to promote total life cycle environmental improvements of product systems by extending the responsibilities of the manufacturer of the product to various parts of the entire life cycle of the product, and especially to the take back, recycling and final disposal of the product”. The responsibility’s question can be more complicated when it deals with different EEE assembled in the same finished product. To answer this question, new concepts for Collective Producer Responsibility (CPR) and Individual Producer Responsibility (IPR) were introduced in the 2000s. According to Dempsey and Mcintyre (2009): “…under Collective Producer Responsibility (CPR), all manufacturers are collectively responsible for e-waste arising from all products”. “…under Individual Producer Responsibility (IPR), each manufacturer is responsible for the waste arising from its own products”. Nowadays, e-waste is disposed of using the following methods: Official take-back system: usually existing only in countries with national e-waste regulations, e-waste is collected by registered organisations or by the government’s contractors, and send to properly treatment facilities. Usually applied to large EEE, such as refrigerators. These e- wastes are formally registered.
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CSR approach on e-waste BL7001 CSR & Environmental Law 4 Mixed disposal of E-waste and residual waste: small EEE, such as USB- sticks, are usually discarded with other household wastes. In this case, these e-wastes are collected and treated with the regular household wastes, usually sent to incineration or landfill. E-waste collected outside the official take-back system: usually applied to developed countries, an individual or private organisation collect the WEEE, it could be sent to recycling or exported to developing countries. Informal collection and recycling: usually applied to developing countries, e-waste is usually collected by independent vendors, who usually buy it from consumers for resale or non-formal recycling, that can cause damage to human health and the environment. E-waste not sold or recycled is discarded in regular wastes. One of the biggest challenges related to e-waste is the lack of local regulation, which opens the opportunity for informal treatments, such as the export of e- waste to developing countries. Currently, the main approaches applied to e- waste management are 3R-approach (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle), Incineration and Landfill.
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