Editing responses psychoanalysis resistance is the

This preview shows page 13 - 15 out of 23 pages.

editing responses Psychoanalysis – resistance is the inability to unwillingness to freely discuss some aspects of one’s life Can range from simple avoidance to anger and outbursts as a result of negative or painful experience proposed to the patient Psychoanalysis Transference – situation in which patients come to feel the same way he once felt about someone important in his or her life Humanistic Psychotherapy – they promote self-examination, personal growth and development, and promote growth and change Behavior Therapy – applies techniques of psychotherapy founded on principles of learning established in psychological laboratories Implosive Therapy – therapy where one imagines one’s worst fear, experiencing extreme anxiety in the safe surroundings of the therapist’s office Contingency Management – brings out changes in one’s behaviors based on rewards and punishments Contingency Contracting – establishes a token economy of secondary reinforcers to reward appropriate behavior Social learning theory was developed by Albert Bandura; it emphasizes observational, or vicarious, learning – also known as modeling. Modeling – acquisition of new responses through imitation of another who responds appropriately Proven effective means of both teaching and learning Internal Locus of control – everything is blamed on self (even if not at fault)
Image of page 13

Subscribe to view the full document.

External Locus of control – everything is blamed on external circumstances, fate, luck, etc. Not willing to accept responsibility Internal Cues – cues from inside that indicate a desire as a result of a physical need External Cues – cues not driven by biological level, no physical need for such desire Punisher – a stimulus that decreases the rate of probability of a response that preceded it Aversion Therapy – linked to immediate discomfort If one receives an electrical shock after drinking alcohol, the shock causes the patient to develop a conditioned aversion to drinking Shaping – reinforcing desired condition with successive behavior until the desired behavior is achieved Instincts – unlearned complex patterns of behavior in the presents of stimuli Learning Set – Harry Harlow Is a Prepared, expected approach to solving problems o Monkey experiment example Latent Learning – hidden learning not demonstrated in performance until reinforced Learning – permanent change in behavior as a result of practice and experience Conditioning and Learning are interchangeable o Conditioning is the most basic and fundamental type of learning Cognitive MAP – mental learning based on situation and physical environment EC Tolman – rat experiment o Rats learned a maze of turns and responses and also the general idea and location of the reward Albert Bandura – Social Theory Referred to as Social Theory because the notion that we often learn from others, through observation and imitation of others Ivan Pavlov – Principal of Conditioning Conditioned dogs to salivate at the sound of bell o
Image of page 14
Image of page 15

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern