tobacco or rice as currency in exchange for manufactured goods and luxury items from England Poorhouse – built to house the poor and provide them with jobs Enlightenment – A revolution in thought begun in Europe in the seventeenth century that emphasized reason and science over the authority and myths of traditional religion. Greatly accelerated the rate of intellectual change Age of Reason – otherwise known as the Enlightenment. Began to use knowledge and science more so than religion. Celebrated freedom of thought, rational inquiry, critical thinking, scientific research, political liberty, and individual freedom. Immanuel Kant – the eighteenth-century German philosopher, that used the power of reason to analyze the workings of nature. “Dare to Know” – a phrase from Immanuel Kant – “Dare to know! Have the courage to use your own understanding” Heliocentric – the earth is at the center of the universe (sun centered) Isaac Newton – Englishman 1642-1727, the inventor of calculus and the reflecting telescope, came up with gravity theory. Implied that natural laws govern all things rather than God’s actions
Universal Gravitation – force of attraction between two things in the universe Natural Laws – laws that govern the operation of the universe. Otherwise known as scientific laws, observations in the natural world that occur every single time. Ie: Newton’s law of gravity Deism – Enlightenment thought applied to religion, emphasizing reason, morality, and natural law rather than scriptural authority or an ever-present god intervening in the daily life of humans. God is a clock maker, after he makes the clock, sits back and lets it work on its own John Locke – English political philosopher (1632-1704), maintained that “natural law” called for a government resting on the consent of the governed and respecting the “natural rights” of all. Natural Rights – Life, liberty, property. Rights that you are born with that are universal and given to all people.
- Fall '17
- Cliff Tyndall