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Bthyroid problems cdiabetes mellitus dchronic

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b.thyroid problems.c.diabetes mellitus.d.chronic bronchitis.c.diabetes mellitusThe nurse should question the patient about past medical problems because certain illnesses areknown to affect the musculoskeletal system directly or indirectly. These diseases include tuberculosis,poliomyelitis, diabetes mellitus, parathyroid problems, hemophilia, rickets, soft tissue infection, andneuromuscular disabilities.A 54-year-old patient admitted with cellulitis and probable osteomyelitis received an injection ofradioisotope at 9:00 AM before a bone scan. The nurse should plan to send the patient for the bonescan at what time?A. 9:30 PMB. 10:00 AMC. 11:00 AMD. 1:00 PMC. 11:00 AM
A technician usually administers a calculated dose of a radioisotope 2 hours before a bone scan. Ifthe patient was injected at 9:00 AM, the procedure should be done at 11:00 AM. 10:00 AM would betoo early; 1:00 PM and 9:30 PM would be too late.A 54-year-old patient is about to have a bone scan. In teaching the patient about this procedure, thenurse should include what information?A. Two additional follow-up scans will be required.B. There will be only mild pain associated with the procedure.C. The procedure takes approximately 15 to 30 minutes to complete.D. The patient will be asked to drink increased fluids after the procedure.D. The patient will be asked to drink increased fluids after the procedure.Patients are asked to drink increased fluids after a bone scan to aid in excretion of the radioisotope, ifnot contraindicated by another condition. No follow-up scans and no pain are associated with bonescans that take 1 hour of lying supine.Musculoskeletal assessment is an important component of care for patients on what type of long-termtherapy?A. CorticosteroidsB. β-Adrenergic blockersC. Antiplatelet aggregatorsD. Calcium-channel blockersA. Corticosteroids
Corticosteroids are associated with avascular necrosis and decreased bone and muscle mass. β-blockers, calcium-channel blockers, and antiplatelet aggregators are not commonly associated withdamage to the musculoskeletal system.A female patient with a long-standing history of rheumatoid arthritis has sought care because ofincreasing stiffness in her right knee that has culminated in complete fixation of the joint. The nursewould document the presence of which problem?A. AtrophyB. AnkylosisC. CrepitationD. ContractureB. AnkylosisAnkylosis is stiffness or fixation of a joint, whereas contracture is reduced movement as aconsequence of fibrosis of soft tissue (muscles, ligaments, or tendons). Atrophy is a flabbyappearance of muscle leading to decreased function and tone. Crepitation is a grating or cracklingsound that accompanies movement.The nurse is performing a musculoskeletal assessment of an 81-year-old female patient whosemobility has been progressively decreasing in recent months. How should the nurse best assess thepatient's range of motion (ROM) in the affected leg?

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