Need to provide hygiene factors and make sure

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need to provide hygiene factors and make sure employees’ jobs have motivating characteristics by giving them more recognition in their work, provide training & development opportunities, and give them autonomy to make decisions etc. 2. According to Job Characteristics Model, an enriched job must be Skill variety Task identity Task significant Autonomy Feedback 3. Expectancy theory & definition- page 14 The theory focuses on three relationships. The effects - performance relationship is probability perceived by the individual that exerting a given amount of effort will lead to performance. The performance - reward relationship is the degree to which the individual believe that performing at a particular level will lead to the attainment of a desired outcome. The rewards - personal goals relationship is the degree to which organizational rewards satisfy as individual’s personal goals or needs and the attractiveness of those potential rewards for the individual. 4. Page 19 5. Edwin Locke proposed that intentions to work toward a goal are a major source of work motivation. Goals tell an employee what needs to be done and how much effort will need to be expended.
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The evidence strongly supports the value of goals. It shows that specific goals increase
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