Home to many philosophers b advanced the furthest

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Home to many philosophers b. Advanced the furthest towards democracy than other city-states 2. Society reflected dual emphasis on intelligence and physical a. Not just physical fitness, but also the physical appearance of how their bodies looked 3. Educational system a. Physical education – citizenship and such b. For upperclass men that attended private school—included academics: literature, music, math and physical education c. Polestra – P.E. d. Gymnastic or Wrestling school i. Taught by men who were considered trainers (people already trained) ii. Began at the age of 7 iii. Nothing for women 4. Gymnasiums a. Government sponsored where upperclassmen would go to work out and maintain their fitness (in case of war) and attractive bodies b. Philosophers lectured here IV. Ancient Games 776 BC-393 AD A. How did organized games start and what were they like? There were four kinds of games: 1. Informal contests: between soldiers as they trained or waited for battle 2. Funeral games: well organized contests held by warriors after the funeral of a man killed in battle. Earliest one 1250 BC in Greece a. Best known funeral game was described by Homer in book XXIII of the Iliad 3. The wreath games (Olympia, Olympia – Olive) 4. Secular games: initially held in over 300 cities primarily for entertainment
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Things from the video Olympic games 5 days long – first day for religious ceremony, day of purification, took an oath Officials – hellanodikai When someone cheated, zanes were put up, built from the money that the athletes were fined for cheating; 6 bronze statues – the contestants had to walk by the statues to remind them Boxer/wrestler, they signaled defeat by raising a single finger Chariots competed in hippodrome People would play flutes for the people training Hand weights used by jumpers to give them momentum to increase the jump – made of stone, halteres V. The Ancient Olympics A. Purpose 1. Largest of a set of religious festivals a. Huge feasts, art displays, music, gathering for people of influence, physical competitions (later became the focal point of the celebration) b. Paegan society 2. Honored Zeus 3. Held every 4 years, late summer, in Olympia a. Olympia- was considered a religious sanctuary b. Polestra (gymnasium) - where the athletes trained c. Hippodrome- where the chariot races are held d. 776 BC e.
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