DSST Business Ethics and Society 2

Food drug and cosmetic act in 1938 requirement that

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Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act – in 1938 – requirement that all new drug applications include full report showing whether the drug was safe to use and work as intended a) Now known as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) b) All drug labels had to include adequate instruction on usage c) Or say they were to be used only on the prescription of a physician d) First time government recognized a difference between OTC and prescription drugs 75) Occupational Safety and Health Act – OSHA – in 1970 – requires employers to provide safe and healthy working conditions for employees a) Administered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration b) Also created the - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health b.i) Created to perform research on health and safety standards and recommend new standards c) President Nixon’s administration d) Created to enforce workplace standards to prevent work-related injuries, illnesses and deaths
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e) To enforce standards, the OSHA – conducts unannounced inspections at worksites e.i) Highest priority sites for inspections are those which have life threatening situations or accidents involving deaths or 3 or more worker injured severely enough to require hospitalization f) Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission was created under OSHA to review appeals from OSHA’s decisions 76) Civil Rights Act of 1964 – forbids discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, or national origin a) Applies to all public and private employers, labor organizations, and employment agencies b) Title VII of the act specifically bans discrimination in employment b.i) Banned not to ask, but use the information gained is forbidden b.ii) Created by President Johnson b.iii) Created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to investigate complaints of job discrimination b.iv) Officially ended segregation in all public accommodations b.v) Authorized the attorney general to file suits to enforce desegregation 77) Civil Rights Act of 1875 – prohibited racial discrimination in public accommodations, including hotels, railroads, and theaters a) Ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1883 78) EEOC – Equal Employment Opportunities Commission - If an employee feels they have been discriminated against they would file an administrative charge with the EEOC a) The EEOC investigates the charge b) If it finds “reasonable cause” to believe discrimination occurred it will try to reach a voluntary agreement c) Otherwise, it will bring a lawsuit against the employer or issue a Right-To-Sue notice 79) Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972 – (EEOA) – extended the coverage of the Civil Rights Act – 1964- to include state and local government as well as public and private educational institutions a) Educational institutions were included as it was felt there was a gap in the coverage of the antidiscrimination legislation 80) Clean Water Act of 1972 – most significant regulation regulating water pollution a) Passed under President Nixon b)
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