Why the 20 th century main reasons were the world

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Why the 20thCentury?-Main reasons were the World Wars I and II-Empires are in disarray-Imperial powers became dependant on their colonies/states-Immigration - trickling of imperialized people into Europe, losing of prestige, people realize that France and England have little power now-Nationalism spreading-The Cold War was another factor, causing a lot of tension during decolonization (Capitalism vs. Communism)Revolutions-In the decolonial sense, is anti-imperial and wants to be self-governed-It also has to be anti-Western, and CommunistoEXAMPLESChinaVietnamKoreaChina (1949)-Chinese really dislike Europeans and American (think Opium wars)-The Communist Revolution is a reaction to Western influence-Tires of being constrained by European powers-Mao Zedong, wanting China to be for Chinese, time to reinvigorate China-Chinese, to reject the west, must embrace the east (Communism)-Has a huge impact on the Cold War, huge blow to Capitalist powers influenceKorea (1950-3)-Starts to become a colonial crisis-Cold War confrontation - Korean nationals wanted to make Korea communist-America is getting frightened about the spread of communism-America sends troops to Korea to try to stop communist expansion-US, China-Chinese send troops to help Koreans, and the US and Korea are at stalemate-Korea is divided into North(Communist) and South(Ally of US)-Anger rising!Vietnam (~1950-1975)-French Colony originally-Ho Chi MinhoGoes to France, gets educated, and decides that Vietnam should be independent. oAsks French for independence, they say NOoReturns to Vietnam, and raised a communist, revolutionary army and use it to push the French out of Vietnam.-Becomes, like Korea, a “Cold War Crisis”-French are driven out, and the United States enter-US sends troops to contain communist spread-Becomes a stalemate and a failure, like Korea. -US gets tired of war because of protests internally, so US pulls out.
Rebellions-Focus on Independence -Anti-Imperial (but not necessarily anti-Western)-India-Mau Mau-Israel/Egypt-AlgeriaIndia (1940s)-The idea of Nationalism coming into India, brought to them by the English-Individuals responsible for spearheading independence from Britain are:oGandhi and Nehru-NO VIOLENCE, says Gandhi. Nonviolent resistance. Makes their cause seem more legitimate-Gandhi leads many peaceful walks, set-ins, etc-Much unrest in India, and British cannot maintain India financially-Forces British negotiations-The issue of Pakistan, religious tensionoPart of India at this timeoIndia is primarily Hindi, Pakistan primarily Muslim-Britain and Gandhi agree to split India, have Indian continent just for India and Pakistan just for Muslims-Causes anger and hostility, and Gandhi is assassinatedMau Mau, in Africa (1950s)-Happening primary in Kenya-It is an anti-White uprising in Kenya-Kenya was controlled by a minority of whites-Nationalist in origin, and violent in nature. Killing people, etc-Spreads across West and East Africa. -The safest place for Whites in Africa is South Africa, which has Apartheid government.-Indicator for Europeans that they are no longer welcome here.Israel/Egypt (1940s-50s)-

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