55 Einsatzgruppen What Death Quads of Nazi Germany that were responsible for

55 einsatzgruppen what death quads of nazi germany

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55. Einsatzgruppen What: Death Quads of Nazi Germany that were responsible for mass killings, primarily by shooting, during WWII. Where: Germany When: 1939 - 1945 Significance: Einsatzgruppen was responsible for the holocaust during WWII. They helped German Nazi to achieve genocide, and brought catastrophe to other ethnic groups (especially Jews). This tragic memory later drove European Jewish migrate to the Middle East. 56. Reserve Police Battalion 101 What: A Nazi German paramilitary formation of Ordnungspolizei, serving under the control of the SS by law. Where: Founded in Germany, later occupied Poland When: 1940 Significance: According to Browning’s Ordinary Men, Reserve Police Battalion 101 shows how ordinary people turned into killing machine by merely following order. Reserve Police Battalion 101 is a real example showing that the regime’s perpetrators are just as human as it’s victims. The book warns the younger generation by examining the past. 57. Kristallnacht What: Kristallnacht (also referred to as the Night of Broken Glass,) was a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and civilians. The German authorities looked on without intervening. The name Kristallnacht comes from the shards of broken glass that littered the streets after the windows of Jewish-owned stores, buildings, and synagogues were smashed. Where: Nazi Germany When: 9–10 November 1938 Significance: relate to Holocaust Kristallnacht changed the nature of the Nazi persecution of Jews from economic, political, and social to physical with beatings, incarceration, and murder; the event is often referred to as the beginning of the Holocaust (the genocide). 58. Wannsee Conference What: A meeting of high-ranking Nazi officials in January 1942 to plan the systematic extermination of the Jews of Europe. Jews, as well as Roma, homosexuals, and those accused of political crimes were now to be deported to concentration camps, where most would be killed in gas chambers. Where: Berlin When: January 1942 Significance: relate to Holocaust
Ensured the cooperation of administrative leaders of various government departments in the implementation of the so-called Final solution to the Jewish question : 1) extermination after deportation; 2) who was Jewish? (definition) -> the scope of the genocide 59. Nuremberg Trials What: A series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World War II . The trials were most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, judicial and economic leadership of Nazi Germany , who planned, carried out, or otherwise participated in the Holocaust and other war crimes . (21 leading Nazis, including Hitler’s deputy Hermann Goering) Where: Nuremberg, Germany When: Late 1945 Significance: A turning point between classical and contemporary international law. The categorization of the crimes and the constitution of the court represented a juridical advance that would be used afterwards by the United Nations

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