Review of Literature_Healthcare Industry and Reform.docx

One solution oriented article states implement best

Info icon This preview shows pages 15–18. Sign up to view the full content.

One solution oriented article states “Implement best practices for use of information technology; expanded use of IT will create significant improvements in the cost and quality of healthcare. Savings of greater than $350 billion over ten years have been predicted with the use of IT at levels similar to OECD countries, and have been demonstrated improvements in quality of care by hospitals’ use of IT” (Kellis, Rumberger, & Bartels, 2010, p. 291). Debate The healthcare industry debate has been present since the beginning of implementation of reform throughout U.S. history. According to Roberts, “The issue of national healthcare is one of the most controversial and often replayed civic debates in U.S. history” (2012, p. 1342). The debate started with President Harry Truman’s determination to enact his national healthcare plan
Image of page 15

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Review of Literature: Healthcare Industry and Reform 16 during the late 1940s and early 1950s. Roberts states “The bitter controversy that emerged U.S. exceptionalism that are taken for granted today: (1) the reluctance to view access to health care as a universal right and (2) the rejection of incorporating international human rights into U.S. domestic law” (2012, p.1342-1343). The article states “how during the late 1940s and early 1950s, the nation became polarized over the issue of national healthcare as powerful interest groups, such as the American Medical Association (AMA), joined forces with influential political factions in the U.S. government” (Roberts, 2012, p. 1343-1344). “Under the fear of universal healthcare, in 1948 the AMA mobilized rapidly. As one of the most influential organizations to oppose Truman’s health plan, its ability to mobilize quickly and efficiently was largely a function of its already strong and well-organized, dues-paying membership base. It maintained connections with high-ranking governmental officials and media outlets and had its own high-profile publication” (Roberts, 2012, p. 1349). Both the Truman and Obama campaigns boiled down to roughly the same term of “socialized medicine.” Debate has continued heavily around the concept of ‘socialized medicine’ for 50+ years, with no end in sight. Reform “There is no longer any debate about ‘whether there is a problem’ but rather ‘what can be done to fix this problem’” (Qazi, 2009, p. 5) According to Migheli and Novi, “The need of reforming the system, to render it accessible to a larger share of the population dates back at least to the 1940s, when President F.D. Roosevelt prepared a comprehensive plan of reform. This was never approved, as Roosevelt died before the plan was presented to the Congress. Roosevelt’s need of reforming, tried to continue on the way of reforms of the healthcare system, but without any success. Only President Lyndon Johnson managed to introduce relevant changes, namely creating in 1965 Medicare and Medicaid” (2017, p. 133). Miyamoto goes on to elaborate that,
Image of page 16
Review of Literature: Healthcare Industry and Reform 17 “In 1937, U.S. Surgeon General Thomas Parran proposed that Social Security beneficiaries be covered by a national health insurance plan. President Harry Truman announced his support for
Image of page 17

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 18
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Spring '10
  • Dr.Thomas
  • Health care in the United States, Healthcare Industry and Reform

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern