Indigenous status gender disability housing early

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Indigenous status - Gender - Disability - Housing - Early life - Income and income distribution - Education - Race - Employment and working conditions - Social exclusion - Food insecurity - Social safety net Social gradient: concept of wealth increases so does health in a stepwise fashion. It is consistently observed that the poorest of the poor have the worst health. “social justice is a matter of life and death. It affects the way people live, their consequent chance of illness and their risk of premature death. We watch in wonder as life expectancy and good heath continue to increase in parts of the world and in alarm as they fail to improve in others” Some examples of gaps in global health? - Poorer countries have lower life expectancy. Different levels of risk associated with giving birth. - Also true within countries, it’s possible for locations that are kilometers from each other and have vastly different life expectancies The social determinants of health and why are they important? - They are the social conditions of where people are born, live, grow, work and age How should we broaden our understanding of health? - We should view health socially and address changes to social and economic conditions that will have positive impacts on health rather than just thinking of health as medical terms. WHO proposes three goals to accomplish the closing of global health gaps - Improving daily living conditions o In which people work and live, and implement a universal social protection policy to protect all from insecure employment. Improve the circumstances in which children are born and put an emphasis on equal childhood development and education between boys and girls to promote life-long health o Five main categories that are highlighted Equity from the start Healthy places, healthy people Fair employment and healthy work Social protection throughout life Universal health care
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- Address inequalities in power, money and resources o Addresses inequalities in power, money and resources o Addressing the inequities that occur in the division of resources and power across the public and private sectors through effective health policy - Measure and understand the problem and assess the impact of action o Measure and understand the problem and assess the impact of action o Increasing global health research through implementing effective measurement of health and the social determinants of health as well as evaluation of impact that policies have on health. Health: Work and Home - Central to the notion of health is the work and home environment in which we find ourselves Essentials: Shelter, clean water and sanitation - It is essential that there is access to all of these Urbanization: crowded living, disease, violence and pollution - There have been demonstrated increases in the rates of communicable diseases, violence and injuries.
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