The Puritans were a group of people who grew discontent in the Church of England and worked towards religious, moral and societal reforms.Plymouth Colony:1620-1691, founded by the PilgrimsJohn Calvin: studied in Paris had a great education (had ties to the Bishop) wanted to study theology while dad wanted him to study law. Eventually switched to a reformed faith and ended up having to move all around France because of conflicts with the Roman Catholic ChurchPredeterminationThe Mayflower: the ship that transported English and Dutch Separatists and other ad-venturers referred to by the Separatists as "the Strangers" to Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620.William Bradford: leader of the Pilgrims, Bradford is credited as the first civil authority to designate what popular American culture now views as Thanksgiving in the USThe Mayflower Compact: the founding stones of American democracy, signed by 41 males who were from the Mayflower Salmoset and Squanto: On March 16, 1621, Samoset was the first Native American to make contact with the Pilgrims. After spending the night with the Pilgrims, he came back two days later with Squanto, who spoke English much better than Samoset. King Philip’s War (1675-76): most devastating war between the colonists and the Indi-ans in New England. The war is named for King Philip, the son of Massasoit and chief of the Wampanoag.Mystic River Massacre:Took place on May 26, 1637, during the Pequot War, when English settlers under Captain John Mason, and Narragansett and Mohegan allies set fire to a fortified Pequot village near the Mystic River. They shot any people who tried to es-cape the wooden palisade fortress and killed the entire village, consisting mostly of wo-men and children, in retaliation for previous Pequot attacksGreat Puritan Migration:the migration of English settlers, primarily Puritans to Mas-sachusetts and the warm islands of the West Indies, especially the sugar rich island of Barbados,1630-40. They came in family groups, rather than as isolated individuals and were motivated chiefly by a quest for freedom to practice their Puritan religion.The Arbella:The Great Migration of 1630. The flagship of the Winthrop Fleet, on which Governor John Winthrop and other members of the Company and Puritan emmigrants transported themselves, on this ship, is where Winthrop gave his famous “City on a Hill” sermon. John Winthrop: leader of the Puritans, wrote “A Modell of Christian Charity” “A Modell of Christian Charity”:written by John Winthrop for the Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1630A Modell Hereof: God Almightie in his most holy and wise providence hath soe disposed of the Condicion of mankinde, as in all times some must be rich, some poore, some highe and eminent in power and dignitie others meane and in subjeccion.John Harvard:founder of Harvard University. Devoutly Puritan, studied for the min-istry at Cambridge, then fled the religious repression of England for America. He settled in Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1637, accepting responsibilities assisting in the church there.