ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

While most people work an eight-hour day five days a

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Unformatted text preview: While most people work an eight-hour day, five days a week, a number of organizations have introduced alternative work schedule options. A compressed work week is a four-day week, with employees working 10 hours a day. This program was conceived to allow workers more leisure time and shopping time, and to permit them to travel to and from work at non-rush-hour times. Supporters suggest that such a program can increase employee enthusiasm, morale, and commitment; increase productivity and reduce costs; and reduce overtime, turnover, and absenteeism. Flextime is where employees work during a common core time period each day, but have discretion in forming their total workday from a flexible set of hours outside the core. Employees have to work a specific number of hours a week, but they are free to vary the hours within certain limits. For example, exclusive of a one-hour lunch break, the core may be 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., with the office actually opening at 6 a.m. and closing at 6 p.m. Benefits include reduced absenteeism, increased productivity, reduced overtime expenses, reduced traffic congestion, elimination of tardiness, and increased autonomy. The major drawback is that flextime is not applicable to every job. Job sharing is the practice of having two or more people split a 40-hour-a-week job. For example, one person might perform the job from 8 a.m. to noon, and another performs the same job from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m.; or the two could work full, but alternate, days. From management’s standpoint, job sharing allows the organization to draw on the talents of more than one individual in a given job. It also opens up the opportunity to acquire skilled workers who might not be available on a full-time basis Family-friendly organizations are companies that offer an umbrella of work/family programs such as on-site day care, child-care and elder-care referrals, and flexible hours. These companies also offer compressed work weeks, job sharing, telecommuting, temporary part-time employment, and relocation assistance for employees’ family members. Creating a family-friendly work climate was initially motivated by management’s concerns to improve employee morale and productivity and to reduce absenteeism. However, the overall evidence indicates the major benefit to creating a family- friendly organization is that it makes it easier for employers to recruit and retain first-class workers. Planned change are change activities that are intentional and goal-oriented. If an organization is to survive, it must respond to changes in its environment. When competitors introduce new products or services, government agencies enact new laws, or similar environmental changes take place, the organization needs to adapt. The first goal of planned change is to improve the ability of the organization to adapt to changes in its environment. The second goal is to change employee behavior....
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While most people work an eight-hour day five days a week a...

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