Historians believed that the irish conspiracy was

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Historians believed that the Irish conspiracy was invented by Pennsylvania industrialists of 1860’s and 1870’s, to discredit and cripple the labor movement which threatened their authority. William C. Kashutas, in 1995, wrote, “By inventing this organization, the employers hoped to quash a budding unionization movement among their disgruntled work forces. In their conspiracy against the labor organizing coal miners, the operators engaged such disparate allies as a detective agency, the commercial newspapers, the state judicial system, and the Catholic Church.”2
The newspapers which included the New York Times, the Philadelphia Inquirer, New York Herald, the Pottsville Evening Chronicleand the Tamaqua Courierall labeled the Molly Maguires as ethnic terrorists, this had a profound effect on how the American public judged theseactions. During the trial of 1876, the New York Times reported that “revelations of the doings of the Molly Maguires uncover a state of brutish ignorance and superstition which one might think could not exist in this Republic. The Pennsylvania authorities owe it to civilization to exterminate this noxious growth.” Local newspapers were also a significant factor in the failure of the WBA, they were linking the Mollies to the union and therefore labeling the union as a terrorist organization, which basically guaranteed the unions destruction.

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