Non linear use of flashbacks and voice over narration Voice over narration Used

Non linear use of flashbacks and voice over narration

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Non-linear use of flashbacksand voice-over narrationVoice-over narrationUsed over flashbacks in film noirFilm noir: narrative and visual conventionsVM100 study sheet 3, p. 13
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Known for its German Expressionist influence, use of low-key lighting, severe camera angles, wide-angle lensand oblique lines. TELEVISIONTHE US TELEVISION INDUSTRYTelevision networksOrganisations that produce television programming.The early TV networks included CBS, NBCand ABCas a distant third until the 1970s (which was a former NBC network) and Dumont Broadcasting CompanyMost of these organisations were derived from the radio industry. Networks made up the broadcasting structureFinancial basis for television station/network developmentTV was financed by AM station revenues, manufacturing of TV sets(RCA and Dumont), and newspaper ownership.Network structure decreased the cost of show production.Newspapers and their relationship with the radio/TV station developmentNewspapers were an important factor in funding TV stations, along with AM radio station revenuesand the manufacturing of sets(RCA and Dumont)The “freeze” on television station developmentThe FCCput a “freeze” on granting new television licences(those already authorised could begin or continue to work). This lasted four yearsUnable to resolve several important interferences, allocation and other technical questionsbecause of this rush, the FCC believed that the freeze would allow it to hold hearings and study the issues, leading to something of a “master blueprint” for television in the U.SSingle company sponsorship vs. multiple sponsorsIn the early days of TV, the programming was typically run by a single sponsor, which was in control of everything.VM100 study sheet 3, p. 14
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Later on, however, multiple sponsorswere given the chance to advertise within set commercial breaks. Networkswere now more in control of the programming.Television program syndicationThe sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stationswithout going through broadcast networks.Stations purchased the rights to insert some or all of the ads at their level; given to stations for access to airtimeand syndicators get ad revenue, or the combination of both.Television and consumerismAdvertisements geared to the types of programbeing shown. Products were geared towards the intended audience. E.g. for daytime shows, household products were shown since stay-at-home mothers would be watching TV at that time.Philo Farnsworth vs. Vladimir ZworkinPhilo Farnsworthwas the inventor of electronic television - the first fully functional all-electronic image pickup device, the “image dissector”, the first fully functional and complete all electronic-television system. He was also the first person to demonstrate such a system to the public and developed a TV system complete with receiver and camera, which he produced commercially in the form of the Farnsworth Televisions and Radio Corporationfrom 1938-1951
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