•E.g., “Mike never lends Jane his car” (high consistency) versus •“Mike sometimes lends Jane his car” (low consistency)•Internal attributionis likely to be made if consensus and distinctiveness is low, and consistency is high.–E.g. “Other people lend Jane their car, Mike doesn’t lend his car to anyone, and Mike has never lent his car to Jane.”–Mike didn’t lend Jane his car because he doesn’t like to lend his car to others.
•External attribution is likely to be made if consensus, distinctiveness, and consistency are high. –E.g. “No one lends Jane their car, Mike lends other people his car, and Mike has never lent Jane his car.”–Mike didn’t lend Jane his car because people don’t like to lend Jane things.•When consistency is low, we can’t make a clear internal or external attribution, so we make a situational attribution.•See Figure 4.4
•Covariation model assumes we make causal attributions in a rational, logical fashion–That’s not always the case.–We use shortcuts (think back to chapter 3) which can lead to errors–We don’t always have all the relevant information we need
•The fundamental attribution error
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- Fall '11