Must to know key points Pemberian nutrisi dan hidrasi parenteral Terapi oksigen

Must to know key points pemberian nutrisi dan hidrasi

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Must to know key points: Pemberian nutrisi dan hidrasi parenteral Terapi oksigen Terapi inhalasi Pemilihan dan dosis antibiotik Tujuan 4. Mencegah, mendiagnosis, dan tata laksana komplikasi pneumonia Untuk mencapai tujuan ini maka dipilih metode pembelajaran berikut ini: Interactive lecture. Peer assisted learning (PAL).
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1592 Video and Computer-assisted Learning. Journal reading and review. Small group discussion. Praktek pada model dan Penuntun Belajar. Bedside teaching. Case study &/ case simulation Praktek mandiri dengan pasien rawat jalan dan rawat inap. Must to know key points: SOP tatalaksana pneumonia Diagnosis komplikasi : empyema, efusi pleura, pneumotoraks, pneumomediatinum, pyopneumotoraks Tata laksana komplikasi Persiapan Sesi Materi presentasi dalam program power point: Pneumonia Slide 1 : Pendahuluan 2 : Definisi 3 : Epidemiologi 4 : Patogenesis dan faktor risiko 5 : Manifestasi klinis 6 : Pemeriksaan penunjang 7 : Oksigenasi 8 : Terapi Medikamentosa 9 : Pemilihan antibiotik 10 : Terapi inhalasi 11 : Komplikasi dan pencegahan 12 : Imunisasi 13 : Prognosis 14 : Kesimpulan Kasus : 1. Pneumonia Sarana dan Alat Bantu Latih : o Video, model anatomis o Penuntun belajar ( learning guide ) terlampir o Tempat belajar ( training setting ): bangsal, ruang rawat intermediate dan PICU Kepustakaan 1. British Thoracic Society of Standards of Care Committee. BTS guidelines for the managing of community acquired pneumonia in childhood. Thorax 2002;57:i1 24. 2. CATCHUP Study Group. Clinical efficacy of cotrimoxazole versus amoxicillin twice daily for treatment of pneumonia: a randomized controlled clinical trial in Pakistan. Arch Dis Child 2002;86:113 8.
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1593 3. Dilber E, Cakir M, Kalyoncu M, Okten A. C-reactive protein: a sensitive marker in the management of treatment response in parapneumonic empyema of children. Turk J Pediatr 2003;45:311 4. 4. Grafakou O, Moustaki M, Tsolia M, Kavazarakis E, Mathioudakis J, Fretzayas A, dkk. Can chest X-ray predict pneumonia severity?. Pediatr Pulmonol 2004;38:465 9. 5. Ilten F, Senocak F, Zorlu P, Tezic T. Cardiovascular changes in children with pneumonia. Turk J Pediatr 2003;45:306 10. 6. Lynch T, Gouin S, Larson C, Patenaude Y. Does the lateral radiograph help pediatric emergency physicians diagnose pneumonia?: a randomized clinical trial. Acad Emerg Med 2004;11:625 9. 7. Ogle JW, Anderson MA. Infections: bacterial & spirochaetal. Dalam: May WW, dkk, penyunting. Edisi ke-16. Current pediatrics diagnosis & treatment. NewYork: Lange Medical Books/McGraw-Hill; 2003. h. 1151 64. 8. Opstapchuk M, Roberts DM, Haddy R. Community-acquired pneumonia in infants and children. Am Fam Physician 2004;70:899 908. 9. Virkki, R, Juven T, Rikalainen H, Svendstrom E, Mertsola J, Ruuskanen O. Differentiation of bacterial and viral pneumonia in children. Thorax 2002;57:438 41.
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