There were three main approaches to art for these

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these artists, the spiritual, the expressive and the abstract. They wanted their art to embody spiritual concerns, which they believed had been neglected by earlier art styles. WASSILY KANDINSKY “ Landscape with Tower “ 1909 “ Blaue Reiter Almanach “1911 “ With Three Riders “1911 ink,watercolor “Shetch I for Composition VII ““ Improvosation 28” 1912 “Improvisation, KLAMM”1914 FRANZ MARC“ The Fate of Animals “1913 “ Blue Horses “1911 “ Stables “1913-14
22 “ Fighting Forms “ 1914 LYONEL FEININGER “ Cathedral of the Future “ 1919woodcut “ Harbor Mole “ 1913 ALEXEJ JAWLENSKY “ Love, from the Constructivist Heads “1925 WYNDHAM LEWIS “ The Enemy of the Stars “1913 Pen & ink GABRIELE MUNTER “ Portrait of Kandinsky “ LATER GERMAN EXPRESSIONISTS: 1918-1939 This is a diverse group of artists that shared the sensibilities of expressionism and its underlying “Germaness” but each artist had their own style and approach to the changes in German Society brought about by the World Wars and the rise of Facism. KATHE KOLLWITZ “ Never Again War “1924 Lithograph “ Death Seizing a Woman “ 1934 PAUL KLEE“ Oncde Emerged from the Gray of Night “ 1918 watercolor & Pen “ Hammamet with the Mosque “ 1914 “ Angelus Novus “ 1920 ink & Colored chalk “ Siblings “1922 “ Twittering Machine “ 1922 GEORGE GROSZ “Pillars of Society “ 1926 “ The Poet, Max Hermann Neisse “ 1927 “ The City “ 1916 “Germany’ a Winters Tale “1918 MAX BECKMANN “ Night “ 1918-19 “ The Dream “ 1921 “ The Departure “1932-33 “ Self Portrait “ OTTO DIX “ Dr. Mayer-Hermann “1926 “Portrait of the Journalist Sylvia von Harden “ 1926 “ The War “ 1929-32s
23 AUGUSTE MACKE “ Great Zoological Garden “1912 WILHELM LEHMBRUCK “ Seated Youth “1917, tinted Plaster CHRISTIAN SCHAD “ Self Portrait with Model “1927 ERNST BARLACH “ War Monument “ 1927 ARCHITECTURE ADOLF LOOS “ Steiner House “Vienna, 1910 PETER BEHRENS “A.E.G. Turbine Factory “Berlin, 1909 WALTER GROPIUS “ Fagus Shoe Factory” Alfeld, Germany ADOLF MEYER 1911-14 BRUNO TAUT“ The Glass House “ 1914 “Horseshoe Estate”, Berlin, 1925-30 RUDOLPH STEINER “ The Goetheanum II “ 1925-28 ERICH MENDELSOHN “ The Einstein Tower “ Potsdam, 1920-21 TERMSGERMAN AUTUMN SALON KANDINSKY’S"CONCERNING THE SPIRITUAL IN ART" NON OBJECTIVE PAINTING BAUHAUS WEIMAR REPUBLIC NATIONAL SOCIALISM “DEGENERATE ART” GRAPHIC ARTSETCHING WOODCUT LITHOGRAPHY EXPRESSIONISM IN FRANCECHARACTERISTICS OF THIS STYLE: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
24 MAJOR ARTISTS__________________________________ARTWORKSGEORGES ROUALT“ Head of Christ “1905 “ The Old King “1916-1936CHAIM SOUTINE “ The Communicant “ 1927 AMEDEO MODIGLIANI “ Reclining Nude “ 1917-18 “ Head “ 1912, limestone “Seated Nude” 1912 CUBISMThis term, coined by Louis Vauxhalles in 1908, after hearing Matisse refer to a painting by Braque as nothing but “ little cubes “. Like Impressionism and Fauvism the term was originally derogatory. The earlier phase of Cubism, Analytical Cubism, the subjects were depicted as if seen from multiple angles simultaneously. Traditional perspective was abandoned and the

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