Masculinity:rigid gender roles don’t just hurt women, also hurt men and male identity.Symbolic Interaction:Gender is socially constructed through interpersonal interaction, often with family members. 10/20/16 THURSDAYCHPT. 8: MARRIAGE AND COHABITATIONeducational attainment differences in marriage.For men and women, a college degree is associated w/ marrying later, but also more likely to marry and stay married at age 40.Why do people still get married?-incentives: state federal and market benefits -social pressure: family ties, religious communities-imitationBenefits of marriage-some research shows generally happier, healthier, and have more wealth. -selection-social control: stop smoking as much, drinking as much-social support & integration10/25/16 TuesdayWho marries whom: religionCohabitation: percentage of women who have cohabitatedCohabitation refers to situations in which two people live together, and are involved in an emotional and/or sexually intimate relationship. The term is commonly used regarding unmarried couples who choose to live together without officially getting married.Figure 8.7 & 8.8*cohabitation units are fleeting, shorter.Cohabitation: before marriage-most common form of cohabitation. -seen as acceptable in the marriage process. -some couples may have plans to marry but never reach the economic goals. Cohabitation: instead of marriage-most common among economically disadvantaged couples.-various reasons for choosing over marriage..
-one partner wants to get married and other doesn’t.-if there are educational or racial/ethnic differences b/t partners.Cohabitation: after marriage-among older adults, both been married, divorced, had kids.-less ab testing viability of relationship before marriage, or economically better, more ab finding long-term substitute for marriage.Chapter 9: Families and ChildrenChildbearing in US-Most families have 1-3, average is 2 children.-family size has been in decline by diversity has increased.-more parents raising kids outside of marriage.-more single-parenthood.Childbearing: CohabitationTrends:-ab a 3rdof unmarried parents are actually living together at time of birth.-while fewer parents are married now than in the past, many children are involved with more than 2 parents.Childbearing: women w/out childrenTrends:-ab a 3rdof unmarried Terms and concepts:TFR: total fertility rate.