Treatment conditions Are imposed to reverse patterns of self destructive

Treatment conditions are imposed to reverse patterns

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Treatment conditions – Are imposed to reverse patterns of self-destructive behavior. Such conditions may include drug or alcohol treatment or such programs as anger-management.REF: 218-219LO: 23.Explain the three stages of probation revocation.ANS:Preliminary hearing – In this appearance before a “disinterested person” (often a judge), the facts of the violation or arrest are presented, and it is determined whether probable cause for revoking probation exists. This hearing can be waived by the probationer.Revocation hearing – During this hearing, the probation agency presents evidenceto support its claim of violation, and the probationer can attempt to refute this evidence.
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Revocation sentencing – If the presiding body rules against the probationer, then the judge must decide whether to impose incarceration and for what length of time. In a revocation hearing dealing with technical violations, the judge will often reimpose probation with stricter terms or intermediate sanctions.REF: 221LO: 34.Describe at least three of the following judicially administered intermediate sanctions: day reporting centers, intensive supervision probation, shock incarceration, and home confinement.ANS:Day reporting center (DRC) – A community-based corrections center to which offenders report on a daily basis for purposes of treatment, education, and rehabilitation.Intensive supervision probation (ISP) – A form of probation in which the offender is placed under stricter and more frequent surveillance and control than in conventional probation.Shock incarceration – A short period of incarceration that is designed to deter further criminal activity by “shocking” the offender with the hardships of imprisonment.Home confinement – A community-based sanction in which offenders serve their terms of incarceration in their homes.REF: 225-227LO: 45.Explain the concept of “widening the net” as it refers to intermediate sanctions.ANS:Most of the convicts chosen for intermediate sanctions are low-risk offenders, because such offenders are less likely to commit crimes and attract negative publicity. This selection process, however, broadens the reach of the corrections system. In other words, they increase rather than decrease the amount of control the state exerts over the individual. Suppose a person is arrested for a misdemeanor such asshoplifting and, under normal circumstances, would receive probation. With access to intermediate sanctions, the judge may add a period of home confinementto the sentence. Critics contend that such practices widen the net of the corrections system by augmenting the number of citizens who are under the control and surveillance of the state and also strengthen the net by increasing the government’s power to intervene in the lives of its citizens.REF: 229LO: 5
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  • Spring '15
  • Williams
  • criminal law, REF, c., house arrest

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