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concluded that state law enforcement agencies are very involved in their states’ homeland security initiative with almost 75 percent of state agencies reporting a high level of involvement in gathering, analyzing, and sharing terrorism-related intelligence (Foster & Cordner, 2006). The last limitation is using mathematical formulas to calculate the patrols in departments.The main problem with this is that math is a straight right or not problem solving. Patrolling and policing in the other hand is not straight forward. There are changes in the community, the economy, laws, and hundreds of other variables that can alter the environment patrols work in. So to speak any mathematical allocation model has to be taken with a grain of salt as well in
conjunction with other data or intelligence in order to allocate accurately. This allocation limitation is the one that sparks the most problems in my opinion. First, because utilizing mathematical formulas to try to allocate patrols is wrong because the environment is currently changing along with current events in the world. This may change the way administrations change their goals and their policing style as well. Other conflicts of this hurdle in allocation models is that the patrols really did not do their job well and gave a positive solution to the call due to the work load of the department at a given time. Using math to allocate patrols utilizing prior years information is a good way to guess and to help out departments distribute their forces but not solely based on mathematical calculations. References Fritsch, E. J., Liederbach, J., & Taylor, R. W. (2008). Police patrol allocation and deployment. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Foster, C. and Cordner, G. (2006), Impact of Terrorism on State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies and Criminal Justice Systems in the United States, Council of State Governments, Lexington, KY. Henry, V.E. (2010), The need for a coordinated and strategic local police approach to terrorism: a practitioner's perspective, Police Practice and Research, Vol. 3 No. 4, pp. 319-36. 4. Discuss the contributions to police patrol employment and distribution by each of the three individuals:
August VollmerO. W. WilsonSir Robert Peel was one of the most influential to modern da police employment and distribution. He combined both the military style and community policing methods together. The first formation of the London Metropolitan Police Force on 29thSeptember 1829. Sir Robert Peelalso suggested basic principles to a police force and their purpose. To prevent crime and disorder,to have public approval of their existence and their ability to secure and maintain public order, having the cooperation of the public, using minimal force necessary to achieve police objectives, to maintain a positive relationship with the community. These principles were the first of its kind in order to provide and police to achieve community policing. He knew that throughout history there has been revolutions when the military took advantage of the civilians. This is why his police force was the first of its kind. To this day police departments still use ranks, uniforms, and military similarities. One of the most stressed principles of policing made by Robert Peel was that British Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel stressed that the police must secure the willing cooperation of the public and that police should use physical force…only when the exercise of persuasion, advice, and warning is found to be insufficient (Schulholfer, Tyler, & Huq, 2011). His contribution to police employment was significant and he is referred to as father of policing. ReferencesSchulholfer, S., Tyler, T., & Huq, A. (2011). Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology. 6PQ/1?accountid=8289, 101.2, 335-374. From the ProQuest database.August Vollmer contributed to police patrol employment and distribution by being the first to develop a territorial subunit, namely the beat, as means to more effectively allocate policeresources (Fritsch, Liederbach, & Taylor, 2008). His contribution to police patrol employment is