Education is a much more impt predictor of the kind of family life that a person leads than it was in the past. TRENDS IN POVERTY: Poverty line- a federal defined income limit defined as the cost of an economy diet for a family, multiplied by three When the economy is bad, the lines rise. Black and Spanish families remain much more likely to be poor than white families.
BOOK NOTES 23:14 SOCIAL CLASS: Social Class- an ordering of all persons in a society according to their degrees of economic resources, prestige, and privilege. Income and wealth are core elements of this ordering LIFE CHANCES- the resources and opps that ppl have to provide themselves with material goods and favorable living conditions. STATUS GROUP- a group of ppl who share a common style of life and often identify with each other. BRINGING IN GENDER & FAMILY: Depending on the definition of social class, husbands and wives may belong to different classes in up to one third of all two parent, two earner families. Research suggests that both spouses consider the husband’s and the wive’s income and weigh them about equally when deciding what class they are in. SOCIAL CLASSES AND STATUS GROUPS: 4 social classes: UPPER CLASS, MIDDLE CLASS, WORKING CLASS, LOWER CLASS IDEAL TYPE- a hypothetical model that consists of the most significant characteristics, in extreme form, of a social phenomenon. A. UPPER CLASS- families that have amassed wealthier and privilege and that often have substantial prestige as well. Own large homes Expensive clothes and furniture, a lot of investments B. MIDDLE CLASS- are those who connection to the economy provides them with a secure, comfortable income and allows them to live well above a subsistence level. Nice house, new car, college education for their kids Jobs require some college education
BOOK NOTES 23:14 C. WORKING CLASS- those incomes can provide reliably for the min needs of what ppl see as a decent life Modest house or apt One or two cars Manual jobs where layoffs are common D. LOWER CLASS FAMILIES- families whose connections to the economy is so tenuous that they cannot reliably provide for a decent life Low paying jobs Freq unemployed Help from government (food stamps) Little education 3 STATUS GROUPS: (grouped by the amt of education) MAX WEBER FIRST GROUP- ppl with a college degree share a common lifestyle- patterns of marriage, divorce, and childbearing. 1/3 of ppl 25-54 have a four year college degree “middle class” SECOND GROUP- pplw ho graduated from high school and most of those who have attended college but did not obtain a four year degree. Sometimes share the characteristics of the groups above and below them “working class” THIRD GROUP- ppl who did not graduate from high school “lower class” SOCIAL CLASS DIFFERENCES IN FAMIIY LIFE:
BOOK NOTES 23:14 --the incomes of families whose heads are college educated have risen compared to other families.
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- Fall '09