PHE 101 AIDS Assessment.docx

Of the projected individuals having hiv in resource

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Of the projected individuals having HIV in resource-deprived surroundings such as Nigeria, many children die each year due to lack of adequate nutrition and proper medical
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care. As of 2015, approximately 41,000 children 0-14 years of age were infected and only 21% of them had access to antiretroviral treatment (Avert, 2016), where nearly all children in the USA have access to treatment. Growing statistics of AIDS orphans shows that their poor living standards and their inability to access appropriate medication and health care have facilitated spread of the disease (Whiteside, 2016). Deprived medical care will mean individuals whose immune systems are affected by HIV are more likely to contract other diseases which can lead to their deaths. According to UNICEF (2007), 930,000 children are orphaned by HIV/AIDS in Nigeria with no adequate care system or social structure available for them. Nigeria currently does not have a progressive national approach in dealing with disease. Inadequate health care, stigma and discrimination remain. Some progress has been noted but not enough. Compared to a 60% decline of new infections of other nations, Nigeria has only reported 21% (Avert, 2017). Many still do not know they are infected. In recent few years, HIV infection education has received a great deal of community attention and is now part of the school curriculum, however, in USA, education in schools is insufficient. Community involvement in both the USA and Nigeria has assisted in the decrease of new MTCT. Encouragement of women to seek testing, treatment, education and counselling has been invaluable community support. WHO (2015) guidelines recommend that children who may be exposed to HIV during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding be tested on their first post-natal visit and commence treatment immediately should they test positive. Some mothers do not bring their child in for testing and only 54% of early infant diagnosis is made. The USA has made great attempts to fight this disease with $339 million funding HIV prevention during 2012-2017, however funding for the HIV epidemic may be slashed by President Trump, threatening both global and domestic progress (Avert, 2018). This could
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potentially compromise health care, education and treatment for MTCT and other methods of HIV/AIDS transmission and increase the spread. UNAIDS (2018), has reported a dramatic reduction in children born with HIV and the risk of passing on the virus from mother to child possibly reducing to 5% or less with antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. Currently treatment of children with HIV has taken a back stage to that of adults and needs to be brought to the forefront so children are not devalued and have the same opportunity to receive necessary medical care and social support to live long lives. Testing needs to be done at an early stage so that treatment is commenced as soon as possible. All nations should be encouraged to use comprehensive medical services to lessen HIV linked illness and death. Cooperation among non-governmental firms, governments and communities are indispensable for starting operative and maintainable HIV/ AIDS anticipation and care plans (Whiteside, 2016). Implementing better communication and referral mechanisms to connect principal providers to more expert HIV facilities could be effective in addressing the problem. The World Health Organisation’s plan for chronic
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