The smaller the amount of memory available to each console display the more

The smaller the amount of memory available to each

This preview shows page 26 - 28 out of 140 pages.

even though hardware scrolling is nominally in effect. The smaller the amount of memory available to each console display, the more frequently software scrolling must be used. The limit is reached when the maximum possible number of consoles is configured. Then every scroll operation will be a software scroll operation. [Page 327] The position of the cursor relative to the start of the video RAM can be derived from c_column and c_row, but it is faster to store it explicitly (in c_cur). When a character is to be printed, it is put into the video RAM at location c_cur, which is then updated, as is
Image of page 26
c_column. Figure 3-36 summarizes the fields of the console structure that affect the current position and the display origin. Figure 3-36. Fields of the console structure that relate to the current screen position. Field Meaning c_start Start of video memory for this console c_limit Limit of video memory for this console c_column Current column (0-79) with 0 at left c_row Current row (0-24) with 0 at top c_cur Offset into video RAM for cursor c_org Location in RAM pointed to by 6845 base register The characters that affect the cursor position (e.g., linefeed, backspace) are handled by adjusting the values of c_column, c_row, and c_cur. This work is done at the end of flush by a call to set_6845 which sets the registers in the video controller chip. The terminal driver supports escape sequences to allow screen editors and other interactive programs to update the screen in a flexible way. The sequences supported are a subset of an ANSI standard and should be adequate to allow many programs written for other hardware and other operating systems to be easily ported to MINIX 3. There are two categories of escape sequences: those that never contain a variable parameter, and those that may contain parameters. In the first category the only representative supported by MINIX 3 is ESC M, which reverse indexes the screen, moving the cursor up one line and scrolling the screen downward if the cursor is already on the first line. The other category can have one or two numeric parameters. Sequences in this group all begin with ESC [. The "['' is the control sequence introducer. A table of escape sequences defined by the ANSI standard and recognized by MINIX 3 was shown in Fig. 3-32. Parsing escape sequences is not trivial. Valid escape sequences in MINIX 3 can be as short as two characters, as in ESC M, or up to 8 characters long in the case of a sequence that accepts two numeric parameters that each can have a two-digit values as in ESC [20;60H, which moves the cursor to line 20, column 60. In a sequence that accepts a parameter, the parameter may be omitted, and in a sequence that accepts two parameters either or both of them may be omitted. When a parameter is omitted or one that is outside the valid range is used, a default is substituted. The default is the lowest valid value.
Image of page 27
Image of page 28

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 140 pages?

  • One '20
  • ASCII

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors