4 danger of labor people routinely work for 12 hours

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4. Danger of labor: people routinely work for 12 hours, not uncommon. Negligence of management. Fire that broke out in 1911, workers were mostly Jewish women, tried to get out, the doors were locked by managers.146 of them jumped out of windows or died burning alive. 5. Racism and labor: ethnic minorities are barred from work and had to compete with each other. B. Urban Life for “The Other Half” Jacob Reese refers to urban life as the “other half” 1. Urban ghettoes: where most people lived, the population density in 1894 in NY is 1000 people per square acre. 2. Racial ghettoes: people kind of like you so they develop. Formed by zoning. Zone against certain businesses against laundries that would limit the amount of the Chinese that live there. 3. Tenement slums: no fair housing law for these cities. Rents are steep, and powerless to do anything. Second work place. 4. Social problems:
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5. Home and second workplace: 6. Company towns: industries outside city limits. Have a factory and city around it. Living in houses owned by employer and paying rent with your wage to your employer. Employer can set it to how they want, and they know how much you can afford. No escape situation. Monopoly in all parts of your life. IV. More on Social Darwinism and the Gospel of Wealth: Social Darwinism: based on the idea that was proposed by Darwin published in 1859, twisting of these ideas, particularly the idea “the survival of the fittest” to support the exploitation. A. William Sumner, “What the Social Classes Owe Each Other”: Those who are poor are poor for a reason. Philanthropy helping out the poor is bad you are interfering with the natural order of things. Destructive: you help the poor you mess up the human natural selection. We are contributing to the weakness of our species. Poor class in the US is growing, by Sumner’s logic it should be shrinking. B. Andrew Carnegie, The Gospel of Wealth (1889) did give endowments, did preach take care of men, if they didn’t get in his way, C. Russell Conwell, “Acres of Diamonds” lecture given over 5000 times, don’t talk down about your city, duty to get rich, in this country you can get as rich as your ability will let you, all American dream concept. TO make money is to preach the gospel, the rich are the finest honest people in a community. Key American Myth is rags to riches. Anyone can make good. D. Ragged Dick Stories Horatio Alger Jr., rags to riches story, his biography is a fiction. There was nothing on him.
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