Henderson Venkatraman1993 An important premise of SAM is that effective

Henderson venkatraman1993 an important premise of sam

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(Henderson & Venkatraman,1993)An important premise of SAM is that effective governance of ITrequires a balance among the choices made in all the four domainsFunctional IntegrationStrategic FitStrategic alignment model (Adapted from Henderson & Venkatraman, 1993)
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Question Why infrastructure strategies and IT architecture important/key IT decisions from IT Governance perspectiveGive an example
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IT Governance Implementation Elements/Alternatives Structures, Processes & Relational MechanismsThe necessary elements for an IT governance implementation (in Van Grembergen, De Haes, 2007)Structuresrefer to the existence of responsiblefunctionsand committees. (Van Grembergen, De Haes, 2008)Processes refer to IT strategic decision-making, monitoring and performance. (Van Grembergen, De Haes, 2008)Relational mechanismsrefer to the existence of informal (mostly) interpersonal relationships between the members of the organization (Business & IT. IT governance can be deployed using a mixture of various structures, processesand relational mechanisms (Peterson, 2003; Weill & Woodham, 2002)
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Steering commiteesThe role of an executive IT steering committee should include:Develop clear statement of the business role of IT in the organizationIdentify the linkages between the organization’s strategic vision and IT’s visionEstablish principles for IT investment decision makingEstablish IT ethical policiesEstablish IT architecture principles and standardsEstablish IT performance goals and measuresIT steering committee provides the best leadership for the IT function and the membership of the steering committee should include:The business’s executive committeeThe CIO and CTO (if one exists)Divisional business headsThe head of IS and/or head of networking
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Measuring the IT Governance Balanced ScorecardDimensions (Kaplan & Norton, 1992)Sample IT BSC Measures(ITGI/Board briefing on IT Governance, 2003)Metrics for an IT Governance Balanced Scorecard(Van Grembergen & D Haes, 2005)
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Forms of IT Governance & Leadership RolesGovern cross-functional initiatives by:Assembling matrixed project teamGuidance & assistance provided by corporate IT managementRecognizing human resources and intellectual capital are geographically dispersedSource: Luftman, 2004
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Project PrioritizationPositive impact on firmLikelihood of occurrenceLowest combined attributes of riskLeast amount of resources demandedAnticipated returnSource: Luftman, 2004
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Risk MitigationTechnologySubject matter experts availableEstablish emerging technology scanning functionEmploy already known technologyPerform pilot projects studiesAttend conferences, read professional journalsMaintain professional membershipsImplement professional certification/study programsParticipate in master’s degree/master’s certificationDevelopmentModularize projectsEmploy project management with prior experienceEstablish development life cycle methodologyReduce scope of projectsFollow “best practices”model for software engineering OrganizationalSecure executive sponsorship
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