piece of sculpture speaks to the troubles of the area in which it was carved. Germany was going through many widespread difficulties during the 14th century and this piece could have been used to remind them of ultimate salvation but to also align their suffering with that of a nobler individual.And, what specific event occurred during the 14thcentury in the majority of Western Europe? Black Death (Bubonic Plague)Part II: TermsAnimal Interlace - A decorative technique using abstracted animal forms in an interwoven patternAnimal Style - Decoration made of interwoven animals or serpents, often found in Celticand early medieval Northern European art.Aisles - The portion of a basilica flanking the nave and separated from it by row of columns or piers.Alternate-support system -In church architecture, the use of alternating wall supports in the nave, usually piers and columns or compound piers of alternating form.Apse - A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a building, commonly found at the east end of a church.Barrel Vault - Semi cylindrical vault (Roof), is in effect a deep arch or an uninterruptedseries of arches, one behind the other, over an oblong space.Bible of the poor - Refers to stained glass that illustrates, often for the illiterate, figures and/or stories from the bibleBuon Fresco - also known as "true fresco", painting onto wet plaster; pigment is mixed with water and then painted onto wet wall, thus becoming part of wall itself
8ARH 252Butress - An exterior masonry structure that opposes the lateral thrust of an arch or a vault.Carpet page – decorative page resembling a textile in medieval manuscriptsCathedra – latin word for SEATCathedral –a Bishops church, derives from latin word cathedra for Bishops chair.Choir -Space within church that is reserved for clergy members and singers of the churchCloisonné - An enamel technique in which metal wire or strips are affixed to the surface to form the design. The resulting areas (cloisons) are filled with enamel (colored glass).Cloister – monastery courtyard usually with covered walks or ambulatories along its sides.Crossing square - the area in a church formed by the intersection (crossing) of a nave and a transept; also used as a measure of proportionalityCrusades - Armed pilgrimages aimed to gain control of the Holy Land from their Muslim rulersDivine Light - sunlight that is seemingly transformed into sacred light (God's light) as itpasses through stained glass windowsFacade - front of a buildingFibula – decorative pin usually used to fasten garmentsFlying buttress - exterior arches that spring from lower roofs over the aisles and ambulatory; transfer the trust of the have vaults across the roofs of the side aislesand ambulatory to a tall pier rising above church's exterior wall
ARH 2529Four-part nave elevation (Early Gothic) - nave arcade resting on the floor, a tribunegallery on the second level, a blind arcade called a triforium on the third level,and clerestory windows at the topFresco secco -
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- Spring '08
- Chartres cathedral, Chartres