According to the marxist perspective class conflict

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Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity
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Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity
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organization of most societies. According to the Marxist perspective, class conflict and struggle are inevitable in capitalist societies because the interests of workers and capitalists are fundamentally at odds with each other. Capitalists accumulate wealth by exploiting workers
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Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 2
Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity
Carroll
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Lecture 5 October 15, 2018Contemporary Social TheoryThis lecture on ‘contemporary social theory’ continues with the general preoccupation of conflict theorists, which is analysing…I.Antonio Gramsci: HegemonyWho is he?1891-1937 Founded communist party of Italy Imprisoned by Mussolini (fascist) in 1926Contemplating Marx Capital Wrote Selections from the prison Notebooks Gramsci: Accepted Marx’s analysis of class inequalities under capitalism Disagreed with how capitalist maintain power Marx: capitalist use force or coercion to dominate working class Gramsci more often they manipulate ideas as a subtle form of controlTwo forms of Class Control:1)Domination (from Marx): Physical force and coercion used enforces class hierarchy 2)Hegemony: control and consent of ideasCapitalist class controls what ideas circulate and become dominate It controls social institution that distribute those ideas while suppressing others Ideological control:dominate ideas reflect capitalist interest, mask social inequalities No regime can rule using physical force aloneStability requiresconsentof the ruled Hegemony of capitalists’ ideas only works when the working class agreeswith them. Gaining Consent: Social institutions (schools, media, religion) distribute and legitimate ideas Ideas are internalized by masses
Come to appear as common sense- taken for granted – become hegemonic Examples: 1)capitalism 2)non-economic ideas related to ender and sexual hegemony Michel Foucault: 1926-1984French philosopher – founded of post-structuctural school of thoughtHow power works in society Marx: Power is a resource you do or don’t have; wielded over those to oppress; repressiveFoucault: Power is a network dispersed throughout society Exercised in daily life by everyone; embodied Power and Discourse:Power is exercised as we enact discourses Set if rules made by social institutions Structure how we think and act according to the needs of those institutions Identify what is ‘true’ and what behaviors are ‘normal’; discourage ‘abnormal’ As we conform to these rules, we exercise power Medicine; Makes rules about being ‘normal’ healthy livingExercises power Specialized knowledge understood as truth Directs our behavior Rules outline what ‘normal’ healthy humans are like; following the rules to become ‘normal’

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