ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

Physical abilities are those required to complete

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Unformatted text preview: Physical abilities are those required to complete tasks demanding stamina, dexterity, strength, and similar skills.To the same degree that intellectual abilities play a larger role in complex jobs with demanding information processing requirements, specific physical abilities gain importance for successfully doing less skilled and more standardized jobs. Jobs in which success demands stamina, manual dexterity, leg strength, or similar talents require management to identify an employee’s physical capabilities. When psychologists talk of personality, they mean a dynamic concept describing the growth and development of a person’s whole psychological system.Rather than looking at parts of the person, personality looks at some aggregate whole that is greater than the sum of the parts. Gordon Allport defined personality as “the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine the unique adjustments to his environment.” Research indicates that human personality can be described using just five traits.Psychologists call this The Big Five and they are: extroversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness and openness. When discussing personality traits, neuroticism refers to emotional stability. People who rate high in neuroticism are likely to be insecure, subject to frequent mood swings, and prone to worry. Those who are low in neuroticism are the opposite, they are confident, calm and experience few mood swings. When discussing personality traits, extroversion refers to how outgoing a person is. An extrovert is fun loving, sociable, and active. Meanwhile, someone who rates low in extroversion is passive and avoids social contact. Heredity refers to those factors that were determined at conception. Physical stature, facial attractiveness, sex, temperament, muscle composition, energy level, and biological rhythms are characteristics that are generally considered to be influenced by a person’s parents. Recent evidence also demonstrates that traits such as shyness, fear, and distress are most likely caused by inherited genetic characteristics. The cultural environment in which people are raised plays a major role in shaping personality. Among the factors that exert pressures on our personality formation are the culture in which we are raised, our early conditioning , the norms among family, friends, and social groups, and other influences that are experienced. While heredity sets the parameters, an individual’s full potential will be determined by how well he or she adjusts to the demands and requirements of the environment. A third factor, the situation, influences the effects of heredity and environment on personality. An individual’s personality, while generally stable and consistent, does change in different situations. The different demands of different situations call forth different aspects of one’s personality....
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