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Figure 4 completed domestic violence and abuse

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Figure 4. Completed domestic violence and abuse prosecutions by outcome(England and Wales)362.4Prevalence of children’s exposure to domesticviolence and threatening behaviour between parentalfiguresThe NSPCC (Radford, 2011) recently conducted a large study on the prevalence ofchild maltreatment in the UK, updating its own research from 2000 (Cawson 2002).The study is based on interviews with a nationally representative sample of threegroups of children and young people: 18 to 24-year-olds (1,761 in total) and 11 to17-year-olds (2,275 total) who responded to the survey directly, while 2,160 primarycaregivers responded on behalf of children under 11 years of age.3736Ibid.37Radford, L., Corral, S., Bradley, C., Fisher, H., Bassett, C., Howat, N. and Collishaw, S. (2011) Child abuseand neglect in the UK today. London: NSPCC.68.972.272.071.973.374.331.127.828.028.126.725.72 0 0 7 - 0 82 0 0 8 - 0 92 0 0 9 - 1 02 0 1 0 - 1 12 0 1 1 - 1 22 0 1 2 - 1 3ConvictionsUnsuccessful prosecutions010,00020,00030,00040,00050,00060,00070,00080,00090,0002007-082008-092009-102010-112011-122012-132007-082008-092009-102010-112011-122012-13Unsuccessful19,84218,62920,76623,08621,13018,153Convictions43,97748,46553,34759,10158,13852,549Total Prosecutions63,81967,09474,11382,18779,26870,702
Early Intervention in Domestic Violence & AbuseEarly Intervention Foundation39As well as extensive data about all forms of child maltreatment, this surveyextensively questioned children and their parents/guardians on their exposure, andthe impact of exposure, to domestic violence and abuse. The survey asked sixquestions about “family violence” including four questions about exposure todomestic violence from an adult partner or ex-partner towards the parent, and twoquestions about other forms of violence between family members other than thechild living in the home. Radford found the following prevalence rates among the4,036 children and young people included in the survey:3.3% of children aged under 11 years had witnessed at least oneincidence of domestic violence or threatening behaviour in thepreceding 12 months, as had 2.9% of young people aged 11-17 yearsand 12% of young adults aged 1924 years;12.0% of children aged under 11 years and 18.4% of young people aged1117 years had witnessed at least one incident of domestic violenceor threatening behaviour;24.8% of young adults aged 18- 24 years had witnessed at least onetype of domestic violence and abuse (categorised as violence orthreatening behaviour between parents) during childhood;These figures are similar to those produced by the NSPCC in 2009,which found that 25% of girls and 18% of boys had experienced someform of domestic violence at least once in their childhood.38Althoughslightly reduced, these figures are very similar to Cawson’s findings fromthe previous NSPCC prevalence study a decade earlier, where of 2,869 young adults,26% had witnessed domestic violence between their parents at least once duringchildhood and 5% had witnessed it on multiple occasions39. Using Radford’sprevalence figures, along with figures for domestic violence exposure in Meltzer’s2009 study of UK children’s mental health based on a sample of nearly 7,865children40, Stanley concludes that approximately 4.5% of children and young people

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